Vasanthakumar P Rajappan

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In search of active nucleoside 5'-triphosphate mimics, we have synthesized a series of AZT triphosphate mimics (AZT P3Ms) and evaluated their inhibitory effects on HIV-1 reverse transcriptase as well as their stability in fetal calf serum and in CEM cell extracts. Reaction of AZT with 2-chloro-4H-1,3,2-benzodioxaphosphorin-4-one, followed by treatment of(More)
The synthesis of a novel planar, potentially aromatic, ring-expanded xanthine analogue (1), containing the 5:7-fused imidazo[4,5-e][1,4]diazepine ring system, along with guanase inhibition studies are reported. The compound was synthesized in six steps, starting from 1-benzyl-5-nitroimidazole-4-carboxylic acid (2), and was biochemically screened against(More)
Despite intense efforts to increase vaccine coverage, measles virus (MV) still causes significant morbidity and mortality in the world, sometimes as the result of severe, chronic, lethal disease. In an effort to develop therapies to supplement immunization strategies, a number of 5'-nor carbocyclic adenosine analogues were evaluated for anti-MV activity in(More)
In an effort to biochemical mode of guanase inhibition as well as the structure-activity relationships of azepinomycin, five analogues (I-V) of azepinomycin were synthesized and screened against guanase from rabbit liver. Our results suggest that while the 6-hydroxy group of azepinomycin is crucial for activity, its putative transition state mode of(More)
IMPDH inhibitors have potential antimicrobial, anticancer and immunomodulatory effects. Nucleoside inhibitors of IMPDH exert their inhibitory effects via nucleoside 5'-MPs. Conversion of nucleoside analogs to NMPs by cellular nucleoside kinases is not assured, and usually is inefficient. In order to bypass cellular phosphorylation, a series of azole(More)
(-)-5'-noraristeromycin (1) has shown antiviral activity towards, particularly cytomegalovirus, vaccinia virus and measles while its (+)-enantiomer (2) is effective towards hepatitis B virus. To determine if the antiviral characteristics of 1 and 2 extended to the guanine analogues (3 and 4), these enantiomers were prepared and evaluated against herpes(More)
Synthesis and biochemical screening against guanase of analogues of the naturally occurring guanase inhibitor azepinomycin (2) are reported. Compound 6-amino-5,6,7,8,-tetrahydro-4H-imidazo[4,5-e][1,4]diazepine-5,8-dione (3) was synthesized in six steps commencing with 1-benzyl-5-nitroimidazole-4-carboxylic acid (5). Compound 3 and its synthetic precursor(More)
An efficient, three-step synthesis of 5'-amino-5'-deoxyaristeromycin (5), from a protected form of aristeromycin (6), is described. Compound 5 was evaluated against a large number of viruses. It showed weak activity towards vaccinia, herpes simplex virus 2, and cytomegalovirus. No other activity was observed. Compound 5 displayed some cytotoxicity towards(More)
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