Varun R. Patel

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BACKGROUND Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon benign condition that is occasionally associated with subcutaneous emphysema and occasionally with pneumothorax, but is rarely associated with pneumorrhachis (air within the spinal epidural space). CASE REPORT We describe the case of a 20-year-old man and discuss a classification system of(More)
Nicotine is a potent inhibitor of the immune response and is protective against experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Initial studies suggested that the cholinergic system modulates inflammation via the α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtype. We recently have shown that effector T cells and myeloid cells constitutively express mRNAs(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis can disguise itself in any form. Endobronchial tuberculosis usually presents in young adults. Endobronchial tumor-like presentation of tuberculosis (EBTB) is very rare and often mistaken as a malignancy. Diagnosis is usually delayed, as clinical and radiological features are non-specific. Direct implantation of tubercle bacilli into(More)
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