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The crucifer Arabidopsis thaliana has been used widely as a model organism for the study of plant development. We describe here the development of an efficient insertional mutagenesis system in Arabidopsis that permits identification of genes by their patterns of expression during development. Transposable elements of the Ac/Ds system carrying the GUS(More)
The Mu transposons of the Robertsons's Mutator transposable element system in maize are unusual in many respects, when compared to the other known plant transposon systems. The excision of these elements occurs late in somatic tissues and very rarely in the germ line. Unlike the other plant transposons, there is no experimental evidence directly linking Mu(More)
Gene trap transposon mutagenesis can identify essential genes whose functions in later development are obscured by an early lethal phenotype. In higher plants, many genes are required for haploid gametophyte viability, so that the phenotypic effects of their disruption cannot be readily observed in the diploid plant body. The PROLIFERA (PRL) gene,(More)
We report the complete DNA sequence of the Klebsiella pneumoniae nifH gene, the gene which codes for component 2 (Fe protein or nitrogenase reductase) of the nitrogenase enzyme complex. The amino acid sequence of the K. pneumoniae nitrogenase Fe protein is deduced from the DNA sequence. The K. pneumoniae Fe protein contains 292 amino acids, has a Mr =(More)
An 18 kb region adjacent to and surrounding the genes for nitrogenase (nif) was cloned from the genome of the symbiotic nitrogen-fixing species Rhizobium meliloti. A total of 31 Tn5 insertions in the nif region were constructed and assayed for their effect on symbiotic nitrogen fixation (Fix phenotype). Fix- insertions were found in two clusters, one 6.3 kb(More)
We have characterized a Rhizobium meliloti regulatory gene required for the expression of two closely linked symbiotic operons, the nitrogenase operon (nifHDK genes) and the "P2" operon. This regulatory gene maps to a 1.8 kb region located 5.5 kb upstream of the nifHDK operon. The regulatory gene is required for the accumulation of nifHDK and P2 mRNA and(More)
Bacteria in the genus Rhizobium normally fix nitrogen only when they interact with leguminous plants to produce on the roots a highly differentiated structure, the nodule, within which the bacteria differentiate into nitrogen-fixing bacteroids. By contrast, the enteric bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae reduces nitrogen in a free-living state in conditions of(More)
One of fundamental challenges in cancer studies is that varying molecular characteristics of different tumor types may lead to resistance to certain drugs. As a result, the same drug can lead to significantly different results in different types of cancer thus emphasizing the need for individualized medicine. Individual prediction of drug response has great(More)
Crude bacterial cell extracts prepared from an Escherichia coli lacIq strain were shown to protect specific nucleotides in the lac operator from methylation by dimethyl sulfate (DMS) or digestion by DNase I, whereas no protection was observed using extracts prepared from a nearly isogenic lacI- strain. These experiments show that it is not necessary to use(More)
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