Varduhi H. Knaryan

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Exposure to environmental toxins increases the risk of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD). Rotenone is a neurotoxin that has been used to induce experimental Parkinsonism in rats. We used the rotenone model of experimental Parkinsonism to explore a novel aspect of extra-nigral degeneration, the neurodegeneration of spinal cord(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), characterized by selective midbrain nigrostriatal dopaminergic degeneration, is consistently associated with moderate systemic mitochondrial dysfunction. Downstream degeneration of spinal cord has also been suggested in PD, although the mechanisms have not been much investigated. In the present study, two mitochondrial toxicants,(More)
We examined neurodegeneration in spinal cord (SC) and role of such extra-nigral degeneration in MPTP-induced experimental parkinsonism in C57BL/6N mice. HPLC-photodiode array analysis confirmed presence of the active neurotoxin MPP+ in SC after single injection of MPTP (25 mg/kg, i.p.). Mitochondrial enzyme monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) responsible for in(More)
Some of the proline-rich-polypeptides (PRPs) are shown to afford protection against spinal cord transection or crush syndrome-induced neurodegeneration in the brain. In the present study a synthetic proline-rich-polypeptide of human hypothalamus origin (h-PRP) has been examined for its potency to protect against dopaminergic neuronal damage caused by the(More)
Proline-rich-polypeptides (PRPs) isolated from bovine hypothalamus have been shown to render protection against neuronal injury of the brain and spinal cord. We examined two PRPs containing 15 and 10 amino acid residues (PRP-1 and PRP-4 synthetic polypeptide) for their effect, if any, on dopaminergic neuronal damage caused by the parkinsonian neurotoxin,(More)
Complex pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease involves multiple CNS cell types. Degeneration in spinal cord neurons alongside brain has been shown to be involved in Parkinson's disease and evidenced in experimental parkinsonism. However, the mechanisms of these degenerative pathways are not well understood. To unravel these mechanisms SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma(More)
Multiple investigations in vivo have shown that melatonin (MEL) has a neuroprotective effect in the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI). This study investigates the role of MEL as an intervening agent for ameliorating Ca(2+)-mediated events, including activation of calpain, following its administration to rats sustaining experimental SCI. Calpain, a(More)
While multiple molecular mechanisms contribute to midbrain nigrostriatal dopaminergic degeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD), the mechanism of damage in non-dopaminergic sites within the central nervous system, including the spinal cord, is not well-understood. Thus, to understand the comprehensive pathophysiology underlying this devastating disease,(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder, resulting in dopaminergic (DA) neuronal loss in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and damage to the extranigral spinal cord neurons. Current therapies do not prevent the disease progression. Hence, developing efficacious therapeutic strategies for treatment of PD is of(More)
Sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) is now interpreted as a complex nervous system disorder in which the projection neurons are predominantly damaged. Such an interpretation is based on mapping of Lewy body and Lewy neurite pathology. Symptoms of the human disease are much widespread, which span from pre-clinical non-motor symptoms and clinical motor symptoms(More)