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Adult polyglucosan body disease (APBD) is a late-onset, slowly progressive disorder of the nervous system caused by glycogen branching enzyme (GBE) deficiency in a subgroup of patients of Ashkenazi Jewish origin. Similar biochemical finding is shared by glycogen storage disease type IV (GSD IV) that, in contrast to APBD, is an early childhood disorder with(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) type 15 is an autosomal recessive (AR) form of complicated HSP mainly characterized by slowly progressive spastic paraplegia, mental retardation, intellectual deterioration, maculopathy, distal amyotrophy, and mild cerebellar signs that has been associated with the Kjellin syndrome. The locus for this form of HSP,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Xp22.3 interstitial and terminal deletions have been shown to be affected by intellectual disability (ID) or autism. Previously, VCX-A (variably charged protein X-A), located at Xp22.3, was introduced as a gene for ID and its presence was suggested to be sufficient to maintain normal mental development. Recent reports suggest that(More)
IMPORTANCE We describe a deep intronic mutation in adult polyglucosan body disease. Similar mechanisms can also explain manifesting heterozygous cases in other inborn metabolic diseases. OBJECTIVE To explain the genetic change consistently associated with manifesting heterozygous patients with adult polyglucosan body disease. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the clinical, molecular, and cell biological findings in a family with an autosomal recessive form of hereditary spastic paraplegia characterized by a combination of spastic paraplegia, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy (SPOAN). METHODS We used a combination of whole-genome linkage analysis and exome sequencing to map the(More)
BACKGROUND Choreoacanthocytosis (CHAC) is a slowly progressive multisystem disorder with involuntary movements, cognitive decline, behavioral changes, seizures, and polyneuropathy caused by mutations in the VPS13A gene. OBJECTIVE To describe the early clinical features and possible genotype-phenotype correlation in CHAC. DESIGN AND SETTING Case series(More)
We describe two pairs of siblings from a consanguineous family manifesting autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia caused by a novel mutation in the EXOSC3 gene, previously reported in pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1. Clinical findings included delayed motor milestones, early-onset spastic paraplegia, variable cognitive disability, and(More)
We report an early molecular diagnosis of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) in a Jewish Moroccan family with two affected siblings. The proband displayed characteristic manifestations of the disease, whereas a younger brother, homozygous for the mutant allele, was asymptomatic. Clinical studies in the younger patient disclosed mild cognitive impairment,(More)
Loci identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of cardio-metabolic traits account for a small proportion of the traits' heritability. To date, most association studies have not considered parent-of-origin effects (POEs). Here we report investigation of POEs on adiposity and glycemic traits in young adults. The Jerusalem Perinatal Family Follow-Up(More)
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of bile acid synthesis, caused by impaired hydroxylation of cholesterol side chains due to deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1), leading to accumulation of cholestanol and cholesterol in brain and other tissues. Elevated plasma cholestanol serves as(More)