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Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) type 15 is an autosomal recessive (AR) form of complicated HSP mainly characterized by slowly progressive spastic paraplegia, mental retardation, intellectual deterioration, maculopathy, distal amyotrophy, and mild cerebellar signs that has been associated with the Kjellin syndrome. The locus for this form of HSP,(More)
Adult polyglucosan body disease (APBD) is a late-onset, slowly progressive disorder of the nervous system caused by glycogen branching enzyme (GBE) deficiency in a subgroup of patients of Ashkenazi Jewish origin. Similar biochemical finding is shared by glycogen storage disease type IV (GSD IV) that, in contrast to APBD, is an early childhood disorder with(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence demonstrates that both maternal prepregnancy body mass index (mppBMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with adult offspring adiposity. However, whether these maternal attributes are related to other cardiometabolic risk factors in adulthood has not been comprehensively studied. METHODS AND RESULTS We used a(More)
A four-generation family was studied in which nine children had congenital cerebral palsy (CP), characterized by quadriplegia and mental retardation. All the affected children were born to healthy, related fathers, whereas the children of their healthy female relatives were unaffected. Linkage analysis attributed the condition to chromosome 9p24.3, where a(More)
IMPORTANCE We describe a deep intronic mutation in adult polyglucosan body disease. Similar mechanisms can also explain manifesting heterozygous cases in other inborn metabolic diseases. OBJECTIVE To explain the genetic change consistently associated with manifesting heterozygous patients with adult polyglucosan body disease. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Xp22.3 interstitial and terminal deletions have been shown to be affected by intellectual disability (ID) or autism. Previously, VCX-A (variably charged protein X-A), located at Xp22.3, was introduced as a gene for ID and its presence was suggested to be sufficient to maintain normal mental development. Recent reports suggest that(More)
We report an early molecular diagnosis of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) in a Jewish Moroccan family with two affected siblings. The proband displayed characteristic manifestations of the disease, whereas a younger brother, homozygous for the mutant allele, was asymptomatic. Clinical studies in the younger patient disclosed mild cognitive impairment,(More)
BACKGROUND Choreoacanthocytosis (CHAC) is a slowly progressive multisystem disorder with involuntary movements, cognitive decline, behavioral changes, seizures, and polyneuropathy caused by mutations in the VPS13A gene. OBJECTIVE To describe the early clinical features and possible genotype-phenotype correlation in CHAC. DESIGN AND SETTING Case series(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the clinical, molecular, and cell biological findings in a family with an autosomal recessive form of hereditary spastic paraplegia characterized by a combination of spastic paraplegia, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy (SPOAN). METHODS We used a combination of whole-genome linkage analysis and exome sequencing to map the(More)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease is an X-linked hypomyelinating leukodystrophy caused by mutations or rearrangements in PLP1. It presents in infancy with nystagmus, jerky head movements, hypotonia and developmental delay evolving into spastic tetraplegia with optic atrophy and variable movement disorders. A clinically similar phenotype caused by recessive(More)