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Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a yellow pigment of turmeric with antioxidant properties has been shown to be a cancer preventative in animal studies. It contains two electrophilic alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl groups, which can react with nucleophilic compounds such as glutathione (GSH), but formation of the GSH-curcumin conjugates has not previously been(More)
One of the functions of MutY from Escherchia coli is removal of adenine mispaired with 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a common lesion in oxidatively damaged DNA. MutY is composed of two domains: the larger N-terminal domain (p26) contains the catalytic properties of the enzyme while the C-terminal domain (p13) affects substrate recognition and enzyme(More)
Antibodies have been extensively used as capture and detection reagents in diagnostic applications of proteomics-based technologies. Proteomic assays need high sensitivity and specificity, a wide dynamic range for detection, and accurate, reproducible quantification with small confidence values. However, several inherent limitations of monoclonal antibodies(More)
The disease dengue (DEN) is caused by four serologically related viruses termed DEN1, DEN2, DEN3 and DEN4. The structure of the ectodomain of the envelope protein has been determined previously for DEN2 and DEN3 viruses. Using NMR spectroscopic methods, we solved the solution structure of domain III (ED3), the receptor-binding domain, of the envelope(More)
Oxidation of the thymine methyl group produces two stable products, non-mutagenic 5-hydroxymethyluracil and highly mutagenic 5-formyluracil. We have calculated the interaction energy of base-pair formation involving 5-formyluracil bound to the natural DNA bases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T), and discuss the effects of the 5-formyl(More)
Translation of the open reading frames (ORF) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and closely related GB virus B (GBV-B) genomes is driven by internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements located within the 5' non-translated RNA. The functioning of these IRES elements is highly dependent on primary and higher order RNA structures. We present here the solution(More)
Picornaviruses constitute a medically important family of RNA viruses in which genome replication critically depends on a small RNA element, the cis-acting replication element (cre), that templates 3D(pol) polymerase-catalyzed uridylylation of the protein primer for RNA synthesis, VPg. We report the solution structure of the 33-nt cre of human rhinovirus 14(More)
Bulges are common structural motifs in RNA secondary structure and are thought to play important roles in RNA-protein and RNA-drug interactions. Adenosine bases are the most commonly occurring unpaired base in double helical RNA secondary structures. The solution conformation and dynamics of a 25-nucleotide RNA duplex containing an unpaired adenosine,(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) patients have an increased risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) at a higher rate with no apparent risk factors. HNSCC of FA patients is an aggressive tumor characterized by multifocal origin, early metastases and frequent recurrences. Given that cancer stem cells (CSC) drive tumorigenesis, tumor recurrence and(More)