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Cellular metastasis is the most detrimental step in carcinoma disease progression, yet the mechanisms that regulate this process are poorly understood. CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 are co-expressed in several tissues and cell types throughout the body and play essential roles in development. Disruption of either gene causes embryonic lethality due to(More)
Rat liver nuclei were isolated in low-ionic-strength buffer in the absence of bi- and multi-valent cations. Digestion of these nuclei by endogenous nuclease, micrococcal nuclease and DNase I revealed that a minor chromatin fraction was preferentially digested into poly- and oligo-nucleosomes. Southern blot hybridization with various active gene probes(More)
Down regulation of Tropomyosins (TMs) is a consistent biochemical change observed in many transformed cells. Our previous work has demonstrated that Tropomyosin-1 is an antioncogene and it is a class II tumor suppressor. Using ras-transformed murine fibroblasts (DT cells), we have examined the effects of co-expression of two isoforms of TM on cell(More)
The presence of aberrant cytoskeleton, arising from the downregulation of key cytoskeletal proteins such as tropomyosins (TMs), is a prominent feature of many malignant cells and is suggested to promote neoplastic growth. While our previous work demonstrated that tropomyosin-1 (TM1) promotes stress fiber assembly and suppresses malignant growth, the(More)
Tropomyosin (TM) family of cytoskeletal proteins is implicated in stabilizing actin microfilaments. Many TM isoforms, including tropomyosin-1 (TM1), are down-regulated in transformed cells. Previously we demonstrated that TM1 is a suppressor of the malignant transformation, and that TM1 reorganizes microfilaments in the transformed cells. To investigate how(More)
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