Vanya Quinones-Jenab

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Several recent reports have demonstrated sex differences in the behavioral and neurochemical response to cocaine. However, it is not clear whether differences exist in cocaine reward or the extent to which adrenal hormones regulate cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in either sex. To address these questions, side-by-side comparisons were(More)
Female rats display a more robust behavioral response to acute cocaine administration than do male rats. However, a clear understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying these differences remains elusive. The present study investigated whether sexual dimorphisms in cocaine-induced motor behavior might be based on monoaminergic levels and/or cocaine(More)
Cocaine is an addictive psychostimulant that induces fos and opioid gene expression by activating the dopamine receptors and the PKA pathways in dopamine D1 and a glutamate NMDA-dependent mechanisms in the striatum. In this study, we show that a single cocaine administration induces ERK phosphorylation in the caudate/putamen of Fischer rats. This increase(More)
The rewarding effects of cocaine have been shown to be sexually dimorphic; female rats develop cocaine conditioned place preference at lower doses and with fewer cocaine pairings than male rats. The present study was conducted to determine whether D1 and D2 receptors contribute to sex differences in cocaine conditioned place preference using a 4-day(More)
In this review, we summarize literature focused on how progesterone alters cocaine-induced psychomotor, reinforcement, and physiological responses. Clinical studies suggest that progesterone attenuates the subjective effects of cocaine. Similarly, preclinical studies have demonstrated that cocaine-induced reward and psychomotor responses are attenuated(More)
Both clinical and rodent studies show sexually dimorphic patterns in the behavioral response to cocaine in all phases of the addiction process (induction, maintenance, and relapse). Clinical and rodent studies also indicate that hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual/estrous cycle modulate cocaine-induced subjective effects in women and locomotor(More)
Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein (DARPP-32) pathways has been implicated in biochemical and behavioral effects induced by various drugs of abuse. In this study, we investigated the phosphorylation pathways of these two proteins in response to acute cocaine administration. A single(More)
Accumulating evidence has shown disparate behavioral responses to cocaine in male and female rats. To date, there is a lack of understanding of how cocaine administration frequency affects sexually dimorphic behavioral responses. In the present study we investigated the behavioral and endocrine responses to single (1 x 15 mg/kg) and "binge" (3 x 15 mg/kg)(More)
Clinical and preclinical studies have found sex-specific differences in the discrimination and perception of inflammatory stimuli. The emerging picture suggests that the biological basis of these differences resides in the regulatory activity of gonadal hormones in the central nervous system. This study describes the effects of ovarian hormones in(More)
INTRODUCTION Alterations in protein kinase (PKA) protein levels have been implicated in the regulation of responses to and development of cocaine addiction. However, the contribution of differences in PKA intracellular cascade to the known sex differences in responses to cocaine is not well understood. This study examined whether there are intrinsic or(More)