Vanya Quiñones-Jenab

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Recent evidence demonstrates that there are sex differences in behavioral responses to cocaine. Further, reproductive gonadal hormones (estrogen, progesterone and testosterone) have been further implicated in mediating some of the cocaine-induced alterations. To better understand sex differences and the role of gonadal hormones in cocaine-induced locomotor(More)
Female rats display a more robust behavioral response to acute cocaine administration than do male rats. However, a clear understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying these differences remains elusive. The present study investigated whether sexual dimorphisms in cocaine-induced motor behavior might be based on monoaminergic levels and/or cocaine(More)
There is accumulating evidence that suggests there are sex differences in behavioral and subjective responses to cocaine. However, it is not known whether differences in cocaine reward contribute to sex differences in these responses or whether gonadal hormones affect the rewarding properties of cocaine. In the present study, conditioned place preference(More)
Several recent reports have demonstrated sex differences in the behavioral and neurochemical response to cocaine. However, it is not clear whether differences exist in cocaine reward or the extent to which adrenal hormones regulate cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in either sex. To address these questions, side-by-side comparisons were(More)
The rewarding effects of cocaine have been shown to be sexually dimorphic; female rats develop cocaine conditioned place preference at lower doses and with fewer cocaine pairings than male rats. The present study was conducted to determine whether D1 and D2 receptors contribute to sex differences in cocaine conditioned place preference using a 4-day(More)
UNLABELLED For the pharmacokinetic evaluation of Silastic capsules, ovariectomized (OVX) rats were implanted subcutaneously with this dosage form containing 17beta-estradiol (5, 10, 15, or 20% in cholesterol, where 5% 17beta-estradiol equals 0.4 mg) or progesterone (20, 40, 110, or 220 mg of crystalline progesterone). The time-course of serum(More)
Although it is established that female rats have a more robust behavioral response to acute cocaine administration than male rats, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these differences remain unclear. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether dopamine (DA) receptor activation influences sex differences in cocaine-induced behaviors. A(More)
Female Fischer rats injected with cocaine in a "binge" pattern (15 mg/kg, IP, three times a day, at 1-h intervals) for 1 day had significantly higher levels of progesterone than saline-treated controls (p < 0.001). When analyzed by the stage of the estrous cycle, animals in proestrus showed significantly higher cocaine-induced progesterone plasma levels(More)
Cocaine is an addictive psychostimulant that induces fos and opioid gene expression by activating the dopamine receptors and the PKA pathways in dopamine D1 and a glutamate NMDA-dependent mechanisms in the striatum. In this study, we show that a single cocaine administration induces ERK phosphorylation in the caudate/putamen of Fischer rats. This increase(More)
Both clinical and rodent studies show sexually dimorphic patterns in the behavioral response to cocaine in all phases of the addiction process (induction, maintenance, and relapse). Clinical and rodent studies also indicate that hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual/estrous cycle modulate cocaine-induced subjective effects in women and locomotor(More)