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Female rats display a more robust behavioral response to acute cocaine administration than do male rats. However, a clear understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying these differences remains elusive. The present study investigated whether sexual dimorphisms in cocaine-induced motor behavior might be based on monoaminergic levels and/or cocaine(More)
There is accumulating evidence that suggests there are sex differences in behavioral and subjective responses to cocaine. However, it is not known whether differences in cocaine reward contribute to sex differences in these responses or whether gonadal hormones affect the rewarding properties of cocaine. In the present study, conditioned place preference(More)
The rewarding effects of cocaine have been shown to be sexually dimorphic; female rats develop cocaine conditioned place preference at lower doses and with fewer cocaine pairings than male rats. The present study was conducted to determine whether D1 and D2 receptors contribute to sex differences in cocaine conditioned place preference using a 4-day(More)
Several recent reports have demonstrated sex differences in the behavioral and neurochemical response to cocaine. However, it is not clear whether differences exist in cocaine reward or the extent to which adrenal hormones regulate cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in either sex. To address these questions, side-by-side comparisons were(More)
This study was conducted to characterize female behavioral response to acute 'binge' pattern cocaine administration (15 mg kg(-1) i.p., three times a day, at 1 h intervals) during the different stages of the estrous cycle in Fischer rats. Cocaine administration significantly increased stereotypic behavior and locomotion in females. Animals in estrus showed(More)
In this review, we summarize literature focused on how progesterone alters cocaine-induced psychomotor, reinforcement, and physiological responses. Clinical studies suggest that progesterone attenuates the subjective effects of cocaine. Similarly, preclinical studies have demonstrated that cocaine-induced reward and psychomotor responses are attenuated(More)
Both clinical and rodent studies show sexually dimorphic patterns in the behavioral response to cocaine in all phases of the addiction process (induction, maintenance, and relapse). Clinical and rodent studies also indicate that hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual/estrous cycle modulate cocaine-induced subjective effects in women and locomotor(More)
Cocaine is an addictive psychostimulant that induces fos and opioid gene expression by activating the dopamine receptors and the PKA pathways in dopamine D1 and a glutamate NMDA-dependent mechanisms in the striatum. In this study, we show that a single cocaine administration induces ERK phosphorylation in the caudate/putamen of Fischer rats. This increase(More)
Oxytocin receptors are regulated during parturition and lactation. Gonadal steroids are thought to be key players in this regulation. It is not well documented how oxytocin receptor gene expression is regulated in the CNS. In this study we analyzed potential estrogen effects on the oxytocin receptor mRNA levels in some areas integral to the(More)
INTRODUCTION Alterations in protein kinase (PKA) protein levels have been implicated in the regulation of responses to and development of cocaine addiction. However, the contribution of differences in PKA intracellular cascade to the known sex differences in responses to cocaine is not well understood. This study examined whether there are intrinsic or(More)