Vannakambadi K. Ganesh

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Staphylococcus aureus is an important opportunistic pathogen and persistently colonizes about 20% of the human population. Its surface is 'decorated' with proteins that are covalently anchored to the cell wall peptidoglycan. Structural and functional analysis has identified four distinct classes of surface proteins, of which microbial surface component(More)
The fibrinogen (Fg) binding MSCRAMM Clumping factor A (ClfA) from Staphylococcus aureus interacts with the C-terminal region of the fibrinogen (Fg) gamma-chain. ClfA is the major virulence factor responsible for the observed clumping of S. aureus in blood plasma and has been implicated as a virulence factor in a mouse model of septic arthritis and in rabbit(More)
Clumping factor B (ClfB) from Staphylococcus aureus is a bifunctional protein that binds to human cytokeratin 10 (K10) and fibrinogen (Fg). ClfB has been implicated in S. aureus colonization of nasal epithelium and is therefore a key virulence factor. People colonized with S. aureus are at an increased risk for invasive staphylococcal disease. In this(More)
Microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMMs) are bacterial surface proteins mediating adherence of the microbes to components of the extracellular matrix of the host. On Staphylococci, the MSCRAMMs often have multiple ligands. Consequently, we hypothesized that the Staphylococcus aureus MSCRAMM bone sialoprotein-binding(More)
Dengue virus type 2 (DEN2), a member of the Flaviviridae family, is a re-emerging human pathogen of global significance. DEN2 nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) has a serine protease domain (NS3-pro) and requires the hydrophilic domain of NS2B (NS2BH) for activation. NS3 is also an RNA-stimulated nucleoside triphosphatase (NTPase)/RNA helicase and a 5'-RNA(More)
West Nile virus (WNV), a mosquito-borne member of Flaviviridae, is a human pathogen causing widespread disease for which there is no vaccine or chemotherapy. The two-component viral serine protease consists of a heterodimeric complex between the hydrophilic domain of the cofactor, NS2B (NS2BH) and the protease domain (NS3-pro). The protease is essential for(More)
The 72 known members of the flavivirus genus include lethal human pathogens such as Yellow Fever, West Nile, and Dengue viruses. There is at present no known chemotherapy for any flavivirus and no effective vaccines for most. A common genomic organization and molecular mechanisms of replication in hosts are shared by flaviviruses with a viral serine(More)
A peptide containing only 4 amino acid residues (KRES) that is too small to form an amphipathic helix, reduced lipoprotein lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), increased paraoxonase activity, increased plasma HDL-cholesterol levels, rendered HDL antiinflammatory, and reduced atherosclerosis in apoE null mice. KRES was orally effective when synthesized from either L(More)
Gram-positive bacteria contain a family of surface proteins that are covalently anchored to the cell wall of the organism. These cell-wall anchored (CWA) proteins appear to play key roles in the interactions between pathogenic organisms and the host. A subfamily of the CWA has a common structural organization with multiple domains adopting characteristic(More)
Vaccinia virus complement control protein (VCP), a homolog of the regulators of the complement activation family of proteins, inhibits complement activation through mechanisms similar to human fluid-phase complement regulators factor H and C4b-binding protein. VCP has a heparin-binding activity that assists vaccinia in host interactions. Interaction with(More)