Vanja Durić

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Currently available medications have significant limitations, most notably low response rate and time lag for treatment response. Recent clinical studies have demonstrated that ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist produces a rapid antidepressant response (within hours) and is effective in treatment resistant depressed patients. Molecular and cellular(More)
The lifetime prevalence (∼16%) and the economic burden ($100 billion annually) associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) make it one of the most common and debilitating neurobiological illnesses. To date, the exact cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of MDD have not been identified. Here we use whole-genome expression(More)
BACKGROUND Basic and clinical studies report that the expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is decreased in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of depressed subjects or rodents exposed to stress and increased following antidepressant treatment. Here, we aim to determine if 1) FGF-2/fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling is sufficient and(More)
BACKGROUND Despite recent interest in glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) as a target for the treatment of mood disorders, there has been very little work related to these illnesses on the upstream signaling molecules that regulate this kinase as well as downstream targets. METHODS With a focused microarray approach we examined the influence of(More)
UNLABELLED Clinical observations have shown that patients with chronic pain are often depressed, suggesting the importance of the affective or emotional component of pain and its impact on cognition. In this study we investigated pain-induced activation of the hippocampus to address possible molecular and cellular events that may underlie the comorbidity of(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) affects up to 17% of the population, causing profound personal suffering and economic loss. Clinical and preclinical studies have revealed that prolonged stress and MDD are associated with neuronal atrophy of cortical and limbic brain regions, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these morphological alterations have not(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms underlying stress-induced inflammation that contribute to major depressive disorder are unknown. We examine the role of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)/purinergic type 2X7 receptor (P2X7R) pathway and the NLRP3 (nucleotide-binding, leucine-rich repeat, pyrin domain containing 3) inflammasome in interleukin (IL)-1β and depressive(More)
Persistent pain produces complex alterations in sensory pathways of the central nervous system (CNS) through activation of various nociceptive mechanisms. However, the effects of pain on higher brain centers, particularly the influence of the stressful component of pain on the limbic system, are poorly understood. Neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptors and(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) has been linked to changes in function and activity of the hippocampus, one of the central limbic regions involved in regulation of emotions and mood. The exact cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying hippocampal plasticity in response to stress are yet to be fully characterized. In this study, we examined the genetic(More)
Experiments were undertaken to examine whether once daily i.p. administration of either of two antidepressants used for the treatment of neuropathic pain, amitriptyline (10 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (5 mg/kg), to rats for 7 days modifies GABA(B) receptor function and subunit expression in the lumbar spinal cord. The results indicate that, as previously reported(More)