Vani Nilakantan

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Oxidative stress is important in the pathogenesis of renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury; however whether imbalances in reactive oxygen production and disposal account for susceptibility to injury is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare necrosis, apoptosis, and oxidative stress in IR-resistant Brown Norway rats vs. IR-susceptible(More)
Oxidative stress and apoptosis are important factors in the etiology of renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The present study tested the hypothesis that the cell-permeant SOD mimetic manganese(III) tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphyrin (MnTMPyP) protects the kidney from I/R-mediated oxidative stress and apoptosis in vivo. Male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
OBJECTIVE The relative contributions of the fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) and atmospheric pressure (ATM) to cardioprotection are unknown. We determined whether the product of FIO2 x ATM (oxygen partial pressure) controls the extent of hyperoxic+hyperbaric-induced cardioprotection and involves activation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). METHODS Adult(More)
Oxidant-mediated apoptosis has been implicated in renal injury due to ischemia reperfusion (IR); however, the apoptotic signaling pathways following IR have been incompletely defined. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of oxidants on cell death in a model of in vitro simulated IR injury in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells by analyzing(More)
The role of mitochondrial KATP (mitoKATP) channels in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is controversial with studies showing both protective and deleterious effects. In this study, we compared the effects of the putative mitoKATP opener, diazoxide, and the mitoKATP blocker, 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) on cytotoxicity and apoptosis in tubular epithelial cells(More)
Generation of excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) leads to mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis, and necrosis in renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Previously we showed that lentiviral vector-mediated overexpression of superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) in proximal tubular epithelial cells (LLC-PK(1)) reduced cytotoxicity in an in vitro model of IR(More)
In this study, we examined the actions of diethyldithiocarbamate-iron (DETC-Fe) complex in acute graft rejection heterotopically transplanted rat hearts. Chronic treatment with DETC-Fe inhibited the increase in plasma nitric oxide (NO) metabolites and nitrosylation of myocardial heme protein as determined by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute significantly to apoptosis in renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, however the exact mechanisms are not well understood. We used novel lentiviral vectors to over-express superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) in proximal tubular epithelial (LLC-PK1) cells and determined effects of SOD1 following ATP depletion-recovery,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) derived from inducible NO synthase has been implicated in cardiac rejection. However, little is known about the role of the reactive nitrogen species peroxynitrite. We examined the protective actions of a peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst, WW85, in an experimental model of acute cardiac rejection. Heterotopic, abdominal transplantation(More)
20-HETE, a metabolite of arachidonic acid, has been implicated as a mediator of free radical formation and tissue death following ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in the brain and heart. The present study examined the role of this pathway in a simulated IR renal injury model in vitro. Modified self-inactivating lentiviral vectors were generated to stably(More)