Vanessa Witte

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Although dispensable in vitro, HIV Nef enables high-level viral replication in infected hosts by an as yet unexplained mechanism. Previously, we proposed that Nef functionally cooperates with the viral transactivator Tat by derepressing the viral promoter via a Nef-associated kinase complex (NAKC). Here, we demonstrate that hnRNP-K, a host factor thought to(More)
The Nef protein of HIV-1 is a key promoter of disease progression, owing to its dramatic yet ill-defined impact on viral replication. Previously, we have shown that Nef enhances Tat-mediated transcription in a manner depending on Lck and the cytoplasmic sequestration of the transcriptional repressor embryonic ectodermal development [corrected]. In this(More)
The N-terminus of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pathogenicity factor Nef associates with a protein complex (NAKC for Nef-associated kinase complex) that contains at least two kinases: the tyrosine kinase Lck and a serine kinase activity which was found to phosphorylate Lck and the Nef N-terminus. Here we show that this serine kinase activity is(More)
The Nef protein of human and simian immunodeficiency virus (HIV/SIV) is believed to interfere with T cell activation signals by forming a signaling complex at the plasma membrane. Composition and function of the complex are not fully understood. Here we report that Nef recruits the Polycomb Group (PcG) protein Eed, so far known as a nuclear factor and(More)
Signals emanating from antigen receptors critically regulate immune cell activation, survival, and differentiation. Transmembrane adapter proteins (TRAPs), a group of molecules that organize signaling complexes at the plasma membrane, play a pivotal role in propagating and fine-tuning antigen receptor-mediated signaling. During the last years, it has been(More)
Signaling through the TCR is crucial for the generation of different cellular responses including proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. A growing body of evidence indicates that differences in the magnitude and the duration of the signal are critical determinants in eliciting cellular responses. Here, we have analyzed signaling dynamics correlating(More)
The relationship between glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the living human brain and pain sensitivity is unknown. Combined glutamine/glutamate (Glx), as well as GABA levels can be measured in vivo with single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed at determining whether Glx and/or GABA levels(More)
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