Vanessa R. Panz

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Congenital generalized lipodystrophy, or Berardinelli-Seip syndrome (BSCL), is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by a near-absence of adipose tissue from birth or early infancy and severe insulin resistance. Other clinical and biological features include acanthosis nigricans, hyperandrogenism, muscular hypertrophy, hepatomegaly, altered(More)
Generalised lipodystrophy of the Berardinelli-Seip type (BSCL) is a rare autosomal recessive human disorder with severe adverse metabolic consequences. A gene on chromosome 9 (BSCL1) has recently been identified, predominantly in African-American families. More recently, mutations in a previously undescribed gene of unknown function (BSCL2) on chromosome(More)
BACKGROUND Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia is an inherited disorder caused by mutations in both low-density lipoprotein receptor alleles, which results in extremely elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations and very early morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS To evaluate the impact of(More)
The authors' goal was to document baseline pituitary-adrenal hormonal and related metabolic variables in 16 female patients with burnout. Then, following stress management intervention, to compare the changes with an equal number of untreated control subjects. At monthly intervals for 4 mo, 24-h urine samples were obtained for determination of free cortisol(More)
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is an important health problem in the black population of southern Africa. Whether the primary cause of NIDDM is insulin secretory dysfunction or peripheral insulin resistance is unknown. In westernised populations it is believed that insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia occur in the early stages of(More)
Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a heterogeneous genetic disease characterized by near absence of adipose tissue and severe insulin resistance. We have previously identified mutations in the seipin gene in a subset of our patients' cohort. Recently, disease-causing mutations in AGPAT2 have been reported in BSCL patients. In this study,(More)
of which lipoatrophic diabetes mellitus (LDM) is a rare form that is characterised by generalised lipoatrophy, abnormalities of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and severe insulin resistance (Moller 1996). Two types of LDM have been described. Patients affected with the “acquired” type, Lawrence syndrome (Lawrence 1946), have a delayed onset of(More)
AIMS This study investigated the association between glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GAD-AB) and Type 1, Type 2, pancreatic and lipoatrophic diabetes mellitus (DM) in South African patients. METHODS Four groups were selected: group A, 100 Black Type 1 DM patients (age at onset < 35 years, body mass index (BMI) < 27 kg/m2 and insulin dependent(More)
The frequency of DNA polymorphisms in the tyrosine kinase domain (exons 17–21) of the insulin receptor gene was assessed in 30 black and 30 white South Africans, using single-stranded conformation polymorphism and direct sequencing analysis. A comparison of the frequencies of the normal versus the combined polymosphic alleles, found only in exon 17, showed(More)
The most common malignancy in men worldwide is cancer of the prostate. Androgens play a direct role in normal and malignant growth of prostate cells via the androgen receptor (AR). This study analyzed the polymorphic CAG repeat sequence in exon 1 of the AR gene to determine if the number of repeats might be an indicator of prostate cancer risk or aggressive(More)