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Acute ethanol administration (3 g/kg twice a day) to pregnant mice, from the 9th thru the 11th day of gestation, resulted in hypomethylation of fetal deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Nuclei isolated from the fetuses of the ethanol-treated mice had lower levels of methylase activity relative to controls even in the presence of excess S-adenosylmethionine, which(More)
Loss of response on repetitive drug exposure (i.e., tachyphylaxis) is a particular problem for the vasoconstrictor effects of medications containing oxymetazoline (OXY), an α1-adrenoceptor (AR) agonist of the imidazoline class. One cause of tachyphylaxis is receptor desensitization, usually accompanied by phosphorylation and internalization. It is well(More)
Dioctophyma renale is frequently observed in dogs from rural areas. From a total of 67 necropsies carried out from May to December of 2004, 56 were dogs, which came from the minicipality of Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, two animals parasited for D. renale. In one of these animals in a mass of epiplon a nematode female of 15 cm of length was found in ectopic(More)
Artemisinin is an important new antimalarial agent containing a bridged endoperoxide. The in vitro antimalarial activity of an artemisinin derivative, arteether, is antagonized by two iron chelators, pyridoxal benzoylhydrazone and 1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxypyrid-4-one. Similarly, the acute toxicity of artemisinin in mice is antagonized by another chelator,(More)
Human and rat O6-methylguanine transferase (O6MeGT) are inhibited in vitro by ethanol at concentrations of 10 to 50 mM and by acetaldehyde, the first metabolite of ethanol, at concentrations as low as 0.01 microM. Several other enzymes, including glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and yeast alcohol dehydrogenase, which like O6MeGT have cysteines in(More)
The rat tail artery has been used for the study of vasoconstriction mediated by alpha(1A)-adrenoceptors (ARs). However, rings from proximal segments of the tail artery (within the initial 4 cm, PRTA) were at least 3-fold more sensitive to methoxamine and phenylephrine (n = 6-12; p < 0.05) than rings from distal parts (between the sixth and 10th cm, DRTA).(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the most important targets for drug discovery and not surprisingly ∼40% of all drugs currently in the market act on these receptors. Currently, one of the most active areas in GPCRs signaling is biased agonism, a phenomenon that occurs when a given ligand is able to preferentially activate one (or some) of the(More)
GPCRs (G-protein-coupled receptors) are among the most important targets for drug discovery due to their ubiquitous expression and participation in cellular events under both healthy and disease conditions. These receptors can be activated by a plethora of ligands, such as ions, odorants, small ligands and peptides, including angiotensins and kinins, which(More)
Upregulation of immunoglobulin D-specific receptors (IgD-R) on CD4+ T cells may facilitate their interaction with specific carbohydrate moieties uniquely associated with membrane IgD on B cells. Previous studies have shown that upregulation of IgD-R facilitates cognate T-B cell interactions by mediating bidirectional signaling resulting in increased(More)
The ability of the conotoxin rho-TIA, a 19-amino acid peptide isolated from the marine snail Conus tulipa, to antagonize contractions induced by noradrenaline through activation of alpha1A-adrenoceptors in rat vas deferens, alpha1B-adrenoceptors in rat spleen and alpha1D-adrenoceptors in rat aorta, and to inhibit the binding of [125I]HEAT(More)