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The induction of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) elicits a plethora of responses that redirect many cellular functions to the vital task of repairing the injury, collectively known as the DNA damage response (DDR). We have found that, in the absence of DNA damage, the DSB repair factors RNF8 and BRCA1 are associated with the nucleolus. Shortly after(More)
The heterodimeric ubiquitin conjugating enzyme (E2) UBC13-UEV mediates polyubiquitylation through lysine 63 of ubiquitin (K63), rather than lysine 48 (K48). This modification does not target proteins for proteasome-dependent degradation. Searching for potential regulators of this variant polyubiquitylation we have identified four proteins, namely RNF8,(More)
RNF8 is a ubiquitin ligase with a FHA domain near its N terminus, and a RING-finger domain at its C terminus, through which it recruits several ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes. In metazoans, only the mitotic checkpoint regulator CHFR shares this domain architecture. Here we show that RNF8 is a nuclear protein that follows a cell-cycle-dependent turnover,(More)
BACKGROUND Several pathways that control cell survival under stress, namely RNF8-dependent DNA damage recognition and repair, PCNA-dependent DNA damage tolerance and activation of NF-kappaB by extrinsic signals, are regulated by the tagging of key proteins with lysine 63-based polyubiquitylated chains, catalyzed by the conserved ubiquitin conjugating(More)
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