Vanessa Parmenopoulou

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Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) is a validated target for the development of new type 2 diabetes treatments. Exploiting the Zinc docking database, we report the in silico screening of 1888 N-acyl-β-d-glucopyranosylamines putative GP inhibitors differing only in their R groups. CombiGlide and GOLD docking programs with different scoring functions were employed(More)
C5-alkynyl and alkylfurano[2,3-d]pyrimidine glucopyranonucleosides have been synthesized and studied as inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase b (GPb). Kinetic experiments have shown that most of these compounds were low micromolar inhibitors of the enzyme. The best inhibitor was 1-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)-5-ethynyluracil (K(i)=4.7 μM). Crystallographic analysis(More)
This report describes the total and facile synthesis of 3'-C-cyano & 3'-C-cyano-3'-deoxy pyrimidine pyranonucleosides. Reaction of 3-keto glucoside 1 with sodium cyanide gave the desired precursor 3-C-cyano-1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-α-D-glucofuranose (2). Hydrolysis followed by acetylation led to the 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-acetyl-3-C-cyano-D-glucopyranose (4).(More)
Five ribofuranosyl pyrimidine nucleosides and their corresponding 1,2,3-triazole derivatives have been synthesized and characterized. Their inhibitory action to Ribonuclease A has been studied by biochemical analysis and X-ray crystallography. These compounds are potent competitive inhibitors of RNase A with low μM inhibition constant (K(i)) values with the(More)
This article describes the synthesis of (3 'S) and (3 'R)-3 '-amino-3 '-deoxy pyranonucleosides and their precursors (3 'S) and (3 'R)-3 '-azido-3 '-deoxy pyranonucleosides. Azidation of 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-3-O-toluenesulfonyl-α-D-allofuranose followed by hydrolysis and subsequent acetylation afforded(More)
Novel classes of acetylated and fully deprotected N-acyl-β-d-glucopyranosylamines and ureas have been synthesized and biologically evaluated. Acylation of the per-O-acetylated β-d-glucopyranosylurea (5), easily prepared via its corresponding phosphinimine derivative, by zinc chloride catalyzed reaction of the corresponding acyl chlorides RCOCl (a–f) gave(More)
We describe the synthesis of C8-alkynyl adenine pyranonucleosides 4, 5, and 8-phenylethynyl-adenine (II), via Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction under microwave irradiation. Compounds 4e and II were less cytostatic than 5-fluorouracil (almost an order of magnitude) against murine leukemia (L1210) and human cervix carcinoma (HeLa) cells, while the same(More)
A new series of 4'-C-cyano and 4'-C-cyano-4'-deoxy pyrimidine pyranonucleosides has been designed and synthesized. Commercially available 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-acetyl-D-mannopyranose (1) was condensed with silylated 5-fluorouracil, uracil, and thymine, respectively to afford after deacetylation 1-(α-D-mannopyranosyl)nucleosides (2a-c). Subjecting 2a-c to the(More)
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP), a validated target for the development of anti-hyperglycaemic agents, has been targeted for the design of novel glycopyranosylamine inhibitors. Exploiting the two most potent inhibitors from our previous study of N-acyl-β-D-glucopyranosylamines (Parmenopoulou et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2014, 22, 4810), we have extended the(More)
A novel series of 2'-spiro pyrimidine pyranonucleosides has been designed and synthesized. Their precursors, 2'-C-cyano nucleosides 5a,b and 6a,b, were obtained by subjecting 1a,b to the sequence of selective protection of the primary hydroxyl group, acetalation, oxidation, and finally treatment with sodium cyanide. Deoxygenation at the 2'-position of(More)