Vanessa Parmenopoulou

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C5-alkynyl and alkylfurano[2,3-d]pyrimidine glucopyranonucleosides have been synthesized and studied as inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase b (GPb). Kinetic experiments have shown that most of these compounds were low micromolar inhibitors of the enzyme. The best inhibitor was 1-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)-5-ethynyluracil (K(i)=4.7 μM). Crystallographic analysis(More)
Five ribofuranosyl pyrimidine nucleosides and their corresponding 1,2,3-triazole derivatives have been synthesized and characterized. Their inhibitory action to Ribonuclease A has been studied by biochemical analysis and X-ray crystallography. These compounds are potent competitive inhibitors of RNase A with low μM inhibition constant (K(i)) values with the(More)
This article describes the synthesis of (3 'S) and (3 'R)-3 '-amino-3 '-deoxy pyranonucleosides and their precursors (3 'S) and (3 'R)-3 '-azido-3 '-deoxy pyranonucleosides. Azidation of 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-3-O-toluenesulfonyl-α-D-allofuranose followed by hydrolysis and subsequent acetylation afforded(More)
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) is a validated target for the development of new type 2 diabetes treatments. Exploiting the Zinc docking database, we report the in silico screening of 1888 N-acyl-β-d-glucopyranosylamines putative GP inhibitors differing only in their R groups. CombiGlide and GOLD docking programs with different scoring functions were employed(More)
Novel classes of acetylated and fully deprotected N-acyl-β-d-glucopyranosylamines and ureas have been synthesized and biologically evaluated. Acylation of the per-O-acetylated β-d-glucopyranosylurea (5), easily prepared via its corresponding phosphinimine derivative, by zinc chloride catalyzed reaction of the corresponding acyl chlorides RCOCl (a–f) gave(More)
We report the synthesis of novel thiopurine pyranonucleosides. Direct coupling of silylated 6-mercaptopurine and 6-thioguanine with the appropriate pyranoses 1a-e via Vorbrüggen nucleosidation, gave the N-9 linked mercaptopurine 2a-e and thioguanine 4a-e nucleosides, while their N-7 substituted congeners 10a-e and 7a-e, were obtained through condensation of(More)
A new series of 3'-C-trifluoromethyl- and 3'-C-methyl-β-d-allopyranonucleosides of 5-fluorouracil and their deoxy derivatives has been designed and synthesized. Treatment of ketosugar 1 with trifluoromethyltrimethylsilane under catalytic fluoride activation and methyl magnesium bromide, gave 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-3-C-trifluoromethyl (2a) and(More)
We describe the synthesis of C8-alkynyl adenine pyranonucleosides 4, 5, and 8-phenylethynyl-adenine (II), via Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction under microwave irradiation. Compounds 4e and II were less cytostatic than 5-fluorouracil (almost an order of magnitude) against murine leukemia (L1210) and human cervix carcinoma (HeLa) cells, while the same(More)
A novel series of 2'-spiro pyrimidine pyranonucleosides has been designed and synthesized. Their precursors, 2'-C-cyano nucleosides 5a,b and 6a,b, were obtained by subjecting 1a,b to the sequence of selective protection of the primary hydroxyl group, acetalation, oxidation, and finally treatment with sodium cyanide. Deoxygenation at the 2'-position of(More)
A new series of 4'-C-cyano and 4'-C-cyano-4'-deoxy pyrimidine pyranonucleosides has been designed and synthesized. Commercially available 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-acetyl-D-mannopyranose (1) was condensed with silylated 5-fluorouracil, uracil, and thymine, respectively to afford after deacetylation 1-(α-D-mannopyranosyl)nucleosides (2a-c). Subjecting 2a-c to the(More)