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The genetic structure of the indigenous hunter-gatherer peoples of southern Africa, the oldest known lineage of modern human, is important for understanding human diversity. Studies based on mitochondrial and small sets of nuclear markers have shown that these hunter-gatherers, known as Khoisan, San, or Bushmen, are genetically divergent from other humans.(More)
Within-population genetic diversity is greatest within Africa, while between-population genetic diversity is directly proportional to geographic distance. The most divergent contemporary human populations include the click-speaking forager peoples of southern Africa, broadly defined as Khoesan. Both intra- (Bantu expansion) and inter-continental migration(More)
The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is threatened with extinction because of a contagious cancer known as Devil Facial Tumor Disease. The inability to mount an immune response and to reject these tumors might be caused by a lack of genetic diversity within a dwindling population. Here we report a whole-genome analysis of two animals originating from(More)
Mutation detection has, until recently, relied heavily on the use of gel-based methods that can be both time consuming and difficult to design. Nongel-based systems are therefore important to increase simplicity and improve turn around time without compromising assay sensitivity and accuracy, especially in the diagnostic/clinical setting. In this study, we(More)
A recent study from deCode reported an association between common variants in the region 8q24 and prostate cancer risk. The strongest association was found with the single nucleotide polymorphism rs1447295. We genotyped 821 prostate cancer cases and 732 population controls for rs1447295 to test the association between this common variant and prostate cancer(More)
The docking protein Gab2 is a proto-oncogene product that is overexpressed in primary breast cancers. To determine the functional consequences of Gab2 overexpression, we utilized the immortalized human mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A. In monolayer culture, expression of Gab2 at levels comparable with those detected in human breast cancer cells(More)
The hormonal etiology of breast cancer is well-established. Many studies have assessed whether polymorphisms in steroid hormone metabolism genes are associated with breast cancer risk. We measured the CYP17A1 -34T>C (c.-34T>C) promoter polymorphism in a population-based study of 1,404 Australian women with breast cancer diagnosed before age 60 years (case(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in K-ras and TP53 genes are common in colorectal cancer. They affect biologic behavior and might influence chemotherapy susceptibility in these tumors. We investigated whether the survival of patients with Dukes C colon cancer treated with adjuvant chemotherapy is influenced by K-ras and TP53 mutations. METHODS Mutation screening of the(More)
The most common application for the next-generation sequencing technologies is resequencing, where short reads from the genome of an individual are aligned to a reference genome sequence for the same species. These mappings can then be used to identify genetic differences among individuals in a population, and perhaps ultimately to explain phenotypic(More)