Vanessa Larvor

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The relationship between nutritional requirements and the availability or quality of food is a prime parameter in determining the geographical expansion of invasive insects. At the sub-Antarctic Kerguelen Islands, the invasive ground beetle Merizodus soledadinus becomes the main invertebrate predator when it colonizes new habitats, leading to the local(More)
Diapause is a common feature in several arthropod species that are subject to unfavorable growing seasons. The range of environmental cues that trigger the onset and termination of diapause, in addition to associated hormonal, biochemical, and molecular changes, have been studied extensively in recent years; however, such information is only available for a(More)
Metabolic fingerprinting can elucidate rearrangements of metabolic networks in organisms exposed to various environmental conditions. Maintenance of organismal performance occurs by alterations in metabolic fluxes and pathways, resulting in habitat-specific metabolic signatures. Several insects of sub-Antarctic Islands, including the wingless flies(More)
In spite of the extensive knowledge of the biology and the genetics of Drosophila melanogaster, the mechanisms by which this fly builds up cold tolerance remain poorly understood. Recent studies have reported that acclimation-mediated acquisition of cold tolerance is associated with moderate accumulation of sugars in drosophilids. However, it is not known(More)
Tolerance of ectotherm species to cold stress is highly plastic according to thermal conditions experienced prior to cold stress. In this study, we investigated how cold tolerance varies with developmental temperature (at 17, 25 and 30°C) and whether developmental temperature induces different metabolic profiles. Experiments were conducted on the two(More)
Anthropic changes and chemical pollution confront wild plant communities with xenobiotic combinations of bioactive molecules, degradation products, and adjuvants that constitute chemical challenges potentially affecting plant growth and fitness. Such complex challenges involving residual contamination and mixtures of pollutants are difficult to assess. The(More)
This study explored the metabolic adjustments prompted by a switch between the rainy and dry season conditions in the African malaria mosquitoes Anopheles gambiae (M and S molecular forms) and Anopheles arabiensis. Mosquitoes were reared in contrasted experimental conditions reflecting environmental variation in Burkina Faso. Thirty-five metabolites(More)
Salinity is an abiotic factor that may impact survival and fitness of terrestrial insects in coastal environments. Meanwhile, some terrestrial arthropods can survive in hypersaline environments, and counterbalance osmotic stress by intra- and extracellular buildups of organic osmolytes. The ground beetle Merizodus soledadinus originates from South America(More)
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