Learn More
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) is a key component of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Although the several contradictory data, ACE has been associated with schizophrenia (SCZ) pathophysiology. Here the ACE activity of SCZ patients and healthy controls (HCs), and its possible correlations with the ACE polymorphism genotype and(More)
BACKGROUND There is robust evidence that schizophrenia is characterized by immune-inflammatory abnormalities, including variations on cytokine levels. The results of previous studies, however, are heterogeneous due to several confounding factors, such as the effects of antipsychotic drugs. Therefore, research on drug-naïve first-episode psychosis (FEP)(More)
Schizophrenia is accompanied by alterations in immuno-inflammatory pathways, including abnormalities in cytokine profile. The immune assessment of patients in a first episode of psychosis (FEP) and particularly in drug naïve patients is very important to further elucidate this association. The objectives of this study are to delineate the cytokine profile(More)
Little is known about how genes expressed in blood relate to schizophrenia or antipsychotic use. We analyzed gene expression in 10 first-episode psychosis patients and nine controls using PCR Arrays. GABRR2 and CHRNA3 were found to be differentially expressed after risperidone treatment. These genes may be regulated by antipsychotic use.
We investigated the association of dopamine receptor D1 gene (DRD1) rs4532 polymorphism with antipsychotic treatment response in schizophrenia. We have analyzed 124 patients with schizophrenia, consisting of 59 treatment resistant (TR) and 65 non-TR. We found an association between G-allele and TR schizophrenia (p=0.001; adjusted OR=2.71). Setting the(More)
In schizophrenia, genetic and environmental factors affect neurodevelopment and neuroprogressive trajectory. Altered expression of neuro-immune genes and increased levels of cytokines are observed, especially in patients with comorbid depression. However, it remains unclear whether circulating levels of cytokines and expression of these genes are(More)
A study of the gene expression levels in the blood of individuals with schizophrenia in the beginning of the disease, such as first-episode psychosis (FEP), is useful to detect gene expression changes in this disorder in response to treatment. Although a large number of genetic studies on schizophrenia have been conducted, little is known about the effects(More)
Schizophrenia is a severe mental health disorder with high heritability. The investigation of individuals during their first-episode psychosis (FEP), before the progression of psychotic disorders and especially before treatment with antipsychotic medications, is particularly helpful for understanding this complex disease and for the identification of(More)
Child maltreatment is associated with an increased risk of psychiatric disorders, and a range of health problems later in life. Research suggests that adverse events early in life can lead to changes in gene expression through epigenetic mechanisms that alter stress reactivity, brain function, and behaviour. Although epigenetic changes are often long(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is accompanied by increased lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide (NO) levels and by lowered antioxidant levels. However, the effect of antipsychotic agents on these processes remains unclear. The objective of this study is to determine the oxidative stress (OS) status in drug naïve first-episode psychotic patients (FEP) compared to(More)