Vanessa J Kumpf

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There are essentially 3 types of hepatobiliary disorders associated with parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy: steatosis, cholestasis, and gallbladder sludge/stones. Reported prevalence rates of PN-associated liver disease (PNALD) vary greatly, and there are distinct differences between adult and pediatric patients. Various etiologic factors have been(More)
BACKGROUND Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a high-alert medication available for patient care within a complex clinical process. Beyond application of best practice recommendations to guide safe use and optimize clinical outcome, several issues are better addressed through evidence-based policies, procedures, and practices. This document provides(More)
The role of parenteral iron therapy has been expanding with the growing use of erythropoietin therapy. Much of the clinical experience regarding the use of IV iron therapy in combination with erythropoietin therapy is based on the hemodialysis patient, but the combination therapy has been used in other patient populations as well. In addition, parenteral(More)
BACKGROUND The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) recently published a revision of its "Safe Practices for Parenteral Nutrition" guidelines. Because there is a paucity of published scientific evidence to support good practices related to ordering, compounding, and administering parenteral nutrition (PN), a survey was(More)
BACKGROUND The rapid growth of obesity rates has affected the practice of specialized nutrition support in various ways. One area that deserves special consideration is the impact that bariatric surgery, in particular complications resulting from bariatric surgery, has made on nutrition support practice. A descriptive survey was designed to evaluate this(More)
Diarrhea associated with short bowel syndrome (SBS) can have multiple etiologies, including accelerated intestinal transit, gastric acid hypersecretion, intestinal bacterial overgrowth, and malabsorption of fats and bile salts. As a result, patients may need multiple medications to effectively control fecal output. The armamentarium of antidiarrheal drugs(More)
Parenteral iron therapy is indicated in patients with iron-deficiency anemia associated with conditions that interfere with the ingestion or absorption of oral iron. Replacement doses of iron required to replenish iron stores are based on body weight and the observed hemoglobin value. Methods of administering iron dextran are reviewed, including(More)
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a complex therapy that may result in serious harm if not properly prescribed, prepared, and administered. The patient who is discharged home on PN for the first time poses significant safety challenges and requires coordination of care between several healthcare disciplines within and outside the hospital. Use of an experienced(More)