Vanessa Cartier

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OBJECTIVE A significant proportion of individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have persistently normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. Although data are controversial, such patients usually have weaker histological damage and a lower progression rate of fibrosis. The aims of this study were: (1) to compare demographic, virological,(More)
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) are among the most frequent healthcare-associated infections and cause considerable morbidity, mortality, and resource use. CRBSI surveillance serves quality improvement, but is often restricted to intensive care units (ICUs). We conducted a four-month prospective cohort study of all non-cuffed central venous(More)
BACKGROUND Bispectral index (BIS) is a valuable tool for assessing the depth of sedation and guiding the administration of sedative drugs. We previously demonstrated the benefits of BIS-guided propofol sedation in patients undergoing flexible bronchoscopy. OBJECTIVE To examine the feasibility and safety profile of propofol sedation in patients undergoing(More)
INTRODUCTION Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction frequently occurs after cardiac surgery, requiring inotropic treatment and/or mechanical circulatory support. In this study, we aimed to identify clinical, surgical and echocardiographic factors that are associated with LV dysfunction during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in high-risk patients(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence and determinants of AKI using the risk, injury, failure, loss of function, and end-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) criteria in thoracic surgical patients. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of patients(More)
There are few data on indications for central venous catheter (CVC) use. We conducted an observational, hospital-wide prospective cohort study to quantify the indications for catheter placement over dwell time and to investigate agreement between healthcare workers (HCWs) on CVC use. Catheter use was observed by on-site visits, HCW interviews, and screening(More)
A sizable number of cardiac surgical patients are difficult to wean off cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) as a result of structural or functional cardiac abnormalities, vasoplegic syndrome, or ventricular dysfunction. In these cases, therapeutic decisions have to be taken quickly for successful separation from CPB. Various crisis management scenarios can be(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound guidance for the insertion of central venous catheters (CVCs) reduces mechanical complications and shortens insertion time, but its effect on CVC-associated bloodstream infection (CABSI) remains controversial. AIM To test the effect of ultrasound-guided CVC insertion on CABSI in a hospital-wide setting. METHODS A four-year(More)
Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is the major complication of central venous catheters (CVC). The aim of the study was to test the effectiveness of a hospital-wide strategy on CLABSI reduction. Between 2008 and 2011, all CVCs were observed individually and hospital-wide at a large university-affiliated, tertiary care hospital. CVC(More)
Over the past decades, major progress in patient selection, surgical techniques and anaesthetic management have largely contributed to improved outcome in lung cancer surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of post-operative cardiopulmonary morbidity in patients with a forced expiratory volume in 1 s <80% predicted, who underwent(More)