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Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) is defined by abnormalities in mineral and hormone metabolism, bone histomorphometric changes, and/or the presence of soft-tissue calcification. Emerging evidence suggests that features of CKD-MBD may occur early in disease progression and are associated with changes in osteocyte function. To identify(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the phosphaturic hormone FGF23, a fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family member, increase early in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before the occurrence of hyperphosphatemia. This short-term 6-wk dose titration study evaluated the effect of two phosphate binders on PTH and FGF23 levels in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Calcium-containing phosphate binders have been shown to increase the progression of vascular calcification in hemodialysis patients. This is a prospective study that compares the effects of calcium acetate and sevelamer on coronary calcification (CAC) and bone histology. METHODS 101 hemodialysis patients were randomized for each(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hypovitaminosis D [serum 25 vitamin D<30 ng/ml] is related to the development of metabolic bone disease and greater risk of chronic illnesses. However, it is frequently under-diagnosed, mainly in countries where UV radiation is abundant. We prospectively determined the prevalence and the predictors of serum 25 vitamin D (s25(OH)D) in a(More)
BACKGROUND Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentrations increase early in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the influence of current CKD-mineral and bone disorder (MBD) therapies on serum FGF23 levels is still under investigation. METHODS In this post-hoc analysis of a randomized clinical trial, phosphate binders and calcitriol were washed out of 72(More)
Skeletal cells synthesize bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and BMP antagonists. Noggin is a glycoprotein that binds BMPs selectively and antagonizes BMP actions. Noggin expression in osteoblasts is induced by BMPs and noggin opposes the effects of BMPs on osteoblastic differentiation and function in vitro. However, its effects in vivo are not known. We(More)
Osteoporosis in hemodialysis patients is associated with high morbidity and mortality and, although extensively studied by noninvasive methods, has never been assessed through bone biopsy. The aim of this study was to use histomorphometry to evaluate osteoporosis and identify factors related to its development in hemodialysis patients. We conducted a(More)
Thyrotoxicosis is frequently associated with increased bone turnover and decreased bone mass. To investigate the role of thyroid hormone receptor-beta (TR beta) in mediating the osteopenic effects of triiodothyronine (T3), female adult rats were treated daily (64 days) with GC-1 (1.5 microg/100 g body wt), a TR beta-selective thyromimetic compound. Bone(More)
Skeletal cells synthesize IGFs and their six IGF binding proteins (IGFBP). IGFBP-5 was reported to stimulate bone cell growth in vitro and selected parameters of osteoblastic function in vivo, but its actual effects on bone formation are not established. We investigated the direct effects of IGFBP-5 on bone remodeling in two lines of transgenic mice(More)