Vanda Jorgetti

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Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) is defined by abnormalities in mineral and hormone metabolism, bone histomorphometric changes, and/or the presence of soft-tissue calcification. Emerging evidence suggests that features of CKD-MBD may occur early in disease progression and are associated with changes in osteocyte function. To identify(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the phosphaturic hormone FGF23, a fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family member, increase early in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before the occurrence of hyperphosphatemia. This short-term 6-wk dose titration study evaluated the effect of two phosphate binders on PTH and FGF23 levels in(More)
Osteoporosis in hemodialysis patients is associated with high morbidity and mortality and, although extensively studied by noninvasive methods, has never been assessed through bone biopsy. The aim of this study was to use histomorphometry to evaluate osteoporosis and identify factors related to its development in hemodialysis patients. We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery calcification is a common feature of atherosclerosis, occurring in 90% of angiographically significant lesions. There is recent evidence that coronary artery calcification is frequent in hemodialysis patients and it has been suggested that this increased incidence may be associated to uremia-related factors. The development and(More)
Skeletal cells synthesize IGFs and their six IGF binding proteins (IGFBP). IGFBP-5 was reported to stimulate bone cell growth in vitro and selected parameters of osteoblastic function in vivo, but its actual effects on bone formation are not established. We investigated the direct effects of IGFBP-5 on bone remodeling in two lines of transgenic mice(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) has emerged as a new factor in mineral metabolism in chronic kidney disease (CKD). An important regulator of phosphorus homeostasis, FGF-23 has been shown to independently predict CKD progression in nondiabetic renal disease. We analyzed the relation between FGF-23 and renal outcome in diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate bone involvement in idiopathic hypercalciuria, 40 lithiasic patients and 10 controls were studied. METHODS According to urinary calcium excretion, patients were first classified as hypercalciuric (Hca, n = 22) and normocalciuric (Nca, n = 18). The Hca patients were then subclassified according to bone densitometry (BMD) as(More)
Skeletal cells synthesize bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and BMP antagonists. Noggin is a glycoprotein that binds BMPs selectively and antagonizes BMP actions. Noggin expression in osteoblasts is induced by BMPs and noggin opposes the effects of BMPs on osteoblastic differentiation and function in vitro. However, its effects in vivo are not known. We(More)
BACKGROUND Sclerostin (Scl) has recently emerged as a novel marker of bone remodeling and vascular calcification. However, whether high circulating Scl is also a risk factor for death is not well established. The purpose of this study was to test whether serum Scl would be associated with mortality. METHODS we measured serum Scl in a hemodialysis(More)
Evidence demonstrates that sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation causes osteopenia via β(2)-adrenoceptor (β2-AR) signaling. Here we show that female mice with chronic sympathetic hyperactivity owing to double knockout of adrenoceptors that negatively regulate norepinephrine release, α(2A)-AR and α(2C)-AR (α(2A) /α(2C)-ARKO), present an unexpected and(More)