Vanda Friman

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Persons with selective IgA deficiency carry an increased risk of coeliac disease, inflammatory bowel disease and perhaps also gastrointestinal malignancies. Inflammatory bowel disease is associated with an increased carriage of adherent and haemolytic Escherichia coli in the intestinal microflora. This study was designed to investigate whether IgA-deficient(More)
350 adult patients in Sweden were included in a retrospective study covering more than 2000 patient-y, to evaluate the efficacy of immunoglobulin (Ig) prophylaxis. All patients had selective or combined IgG subclass deficiency, without IgA deficiency, and suffered from recurrent respiratory tract infections (RTIs). The patients had been given Ig prophylaxis(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of velopharyngeal impairment, compensatory articulation, reduced intelligibility, and to rate the general impression of speech in adults with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. The second purpose was to study the prevalence and type of hearing impairment in these adults. A referred, consecutive series of 24(More)
There are limited data on immunological disorders, infection profile, and autoimmunity among adults with the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) in the literature. To expand this knowledge base, we evaluated immunoglobulin levels, lymphocyte subsets, and T-cell function in 26 adults, consecutively referred to our 22q11.2DS multidisciplinary team. Their(More)
Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in Europeans. Our genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of 1,635 patients with IgAD and 4,852 controls identified four new significant (P < 5 × 10-8) loci and association with a rare IFIH1 variant (p.Ile923Val). Peak new variants (PVT1, P = 4.3 × 10-11;(More)
GOALS To examine if intake of Lactobacillus plantarum can prevent gastrointestinal side effects in antibiotic-treated patients. BACKGROUND Diarrhea is a common side effect of treatment with antibiotics. Some studies indicate that the risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhea can be reduced by administration of certain probiotic microorganisms. STUDY(More)
Most Escherichia coli isolates can express type 1 fimbriae with mannose-specific adhesins. These adhesins bind to the oligosaccharide chains of secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA). Thus, in addition to specific antibody activity, secretory IgA possesses a broad reactivity with bacteria expressing type 1 fimbriae. The absence of secretory IgA in colonic(More)
Viral opportunistic infections remain a threat to survival after stem cell transplantation (SCT). We retrospectively investigated infections caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpesvirus type 6 (HHV6), or adenovirus (AdV) during the first 6-12 months after pediatric SCT. Serum samples from 47 consecutive patients were analyzed(More)
In IgA deficiency, secretory IgA (S-IgA) is absent from intestinal secretions. S-IgA carbohydrate chains act as receptors for the mannose specific (MS) adhesin fim of Escherichia coli. In IgA deficient (IgAd) individuals, commensal E. coli express less MS adherence to epithelial cells, due both to reduced carriage of the fimH adhesin gene, reduced capacity(More)