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The distribution of lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-I and -III has been extensively characterized by immunocytochemistry in the forebrain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus. However, the cellular location of lamprey GnRH-III mRNA expression by in situ hybridization in the lamprey brain has not been determined. We show for the first time(More)
Auto-regulation of the three goldfish estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes was examined simultaneously in multiple tissues, in relation to mRNA levels of liver vitellogenin (VTG) and brain transcripts. Male goldfish were implanted with a silastic implant containing either no steroid or 17beta-estradiol (E2) (100 microg/g body mass) for one and seven days. Liver(More)
Epigenetic gene repression occurs as the result of the interactions between DNA and a number of proteins, including methyl-cytosine binding protein 2 (MeCP2). We have isolated a 1680 bps MeCP2 cDNA from zebrafish that shows deduced amino acid identity with Xenopus and mammalian MeCP2alpha protein sequences. The zebrafish MeCP2 gene was mapped to linkage(More)
In this study we examined the spatial relationship of GABA-containing and GnRH-containing neurons by immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization in larval and adult brains of sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus. In immunocytochemical studies, GABA-containing neurons were detected early in lamprey development, by day 20 post-fertilization. At this time point,(More)
The evolution of chordate glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; EC 4.1.1.15), a key enzyme in the central nervous system synthesizing the neurotransmitter gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) from glutamate, was studied. Prior to this study, molecular data of GAD had been restricted to mammals, which express two distinct forms, GAD65 and GAD67. These are the(More)
Both glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are involved in pituitary hormone release in fish. Glutamate serves 2 purposes, both as a neurotransmitter and as a precursor for GABA synthesis. Glutamate can be catabolized to GABA by the actions of 2 distinct but related enzymes, glutamate decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) and GAD67. They derive from 2 different(More)
The effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on growth hormone (GH) and gonadotropin-II (GtH-II) release in different reproductive stages were studied using perifused pituitary fragments of female goldfish. The GH and GtH-II release responses to 5-min pulses of NPY were relatively small in sexually regressed fish (July), intermediate in recrudescent fish (December),(More)
Previous microarray analyses of the goldfish hypothalamus led us to hypothesise that dopamine could potentially inhibit the excitatory effects of glutamate on luteinising hormone (LH). Post-spawning female goldfish were pre-treated (-4.5 h) with either saline (C; control), SCH 23390 (S; D(1) -receptor antagonist) or sulpiride (L; D(2) -receptor antagonist),(More)
Previous attempts at identifying an alternatively spliced dopamine (DA) D2 receptor in teleosts have proven unsuccessful. We provide evidence of a splicing event of a goldfish D2 (gfD2b1) receptor in the neuroendocrine brain of adult goldfish that produces a spliced short isoform (gfD2b1S). We also identify an additional novel D2b paralog (gfD2b2) that does(More)
Double-labelling studies at the electron microscopic level demonstrated that gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-immunoreactive nerve endings are associated with growth-hormone-secreting cells in the proximal pars distalis of the goldfish pituitary gland, suggesting that GABA may be important for the control of growth hormone release in this species. An in vitro(More)