Vanaja Kumar

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Bacteriophages are the most abundant organisms in the biosphere and play major roles in the ecological balance of microbial life. The genomic sequences of ten newly isolated mycobacteriophages suggest that the bacteriophage population as a whole is amazingly diverse and may represent the largest unexplored reservoir of sequence information in the biosphere.(More)
Bacteriophages are the most abundant forms of life in the biosphere and carry genomes characterized by high genetic diversity and mosaic architectures. The complete sequences of 30 mycobacteriophage genomes show them collectively to encode 101 tRNAs, three tmRNAs, and 3,357 proteins belonging to 1,536 "phamilies" of related sequences, and a statistical(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid sputum culture conversion at 2 months indicates the sterilizing capacity and potential of regimens to shorten duration of tuberculosis treatment. We compared results of sputum culture conversion by moxifloxacin and control regimens and identified factors affecting sputum culture positivity after 2 months of treatment. METHODS Human(More)
BACKGROUND Shortening tuberculosis (TB) treatment duration is a research priority. This paper presents data from a prematurely terminated randomized clinical trial, of 4-month moxifloxacin or gatifloxacin regimens, in South India. METHODS Newly diagnosed, sputum-positive HIV-negative pulmonary TB patients were randomly allocated to receive gatifloxacin or(More)
A series of 4-(morpholin-4-yl)-N'-(arylidene)benzohydrazides were synthesized using appropriate synthetic route. Antimycobacterial activity of the synthesized compounds (5a-5j) was carried out and percentage reduction in relative light units (RLU) was calculated using luciferase reporter phages (LRP) assay. Percentage reduction in relative light units (RLU)(More)
A temperate phage, Che12, able to infect Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was isolated from soil samples taken from tuberculosis sanatorium area in Chennai, India. The plaque morphology of this phage showed varying grades of turbidity on lawns of M. tuberculosis. The temperate nature of Che12 was established by super infection immunity. Phage integration into(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) still remains a major challenging infectious disease. The increased rate of emergence of multi-drug resistant and extensively-drug resistant strains of the organism has further complicated the situation, resulting in an urgent need for new anti-TB drugs. Antimycobacterial activity of Andrographis paniculata was evaluated using a rapid LRP(More)
Article history: Received on: 06/04/2015 Revised on: 22/04/2015 Accepted on: 17/05/2015 Available online: 27/06/2015 Effect of culture conditions and critical medium components on antitubercular pigment production from novel Streptomyces sp D25 isolated from Thar desert, Rajasthan was investigated. Antitubercular pigment from Streptomyces sp. D25 was(More)
Phage lysin was evaluated as a substitute for antibiotics in sputum samples processed by a modified Petroff's method for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the MGIT 960 system. One hundred and fifty sputum samples were processed, inoculated onto two slopes of Lowenstein-Jensen medium, and divided in to two aliquots of 0.5 mL each. One aliquot(More)
Synonymous codon usage of protein coding genes of thirty two completely sequenced mycobacteriophage genomes was studied using multivariate statistical analysis. One of the major factors influencing codon usage is identified to be compositional bias. Codons ending with either C or G are preferred in highly expressed genes among which C ending codons are(More)