Learn More
Bacteriophages are the most abundant organisms in the biosphere and play major roles in the ecological balance of microbial life. The genomic sequences of ten newly isolated mycobacteriophages suggest that the bacteriophage population as a whole is amazingly diverse and may represent the largest unexplored reservoir of sequence information in the biosphere.(More)
Bacteriophages are the most abundant forms of life in the biosphere and carry genomes characterized by high genetic diversity and mosaic architectures. The complete sequences of 30 mycobacteriophage genomes show them collectively to encode 101 tRNAs, three tmRNAs, and 3,357 proteins belonging to 1,536 "phamilies" of related sequences, and a statistical(More)
BACKGROUND Shortening tuberculosis (TB) treatment duration is a research priority. This paper presents data from a prematurely terminated randomized clinical trial, of 4-month moxifloxacin or gatifloxacin regimens, in South India. METHODS Newly diagnosed, sputum-positive HIV-negative pulmonary TB patients were randomly allocated to receive gatifloxacin or(More)
Synonymous codon usage of protein coding genes of thirty two completely sequenced mycobacteriophage genomes was studied using multivariate statistical analysis. One of the major factors influencing codon usage is identified to be compositional bias. Codons ending with either C or G are preferred in highly expressed genes among which C ending codons are(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid sputum culture conversion at 2 months indicates the sterilizing capacity and potential of regimens to shorten duration of tuberculosis treatment. We compared results of sputum culture conversion by moxifloxacin and control regimens and identified factors affecting sputum culture positivity after 2 months of treatment. METHODS Human(More)
SETTING Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India. OBJECTIVE To rapidly identify multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis using phenotypic and genotypic methods. DESIGN Two genotypic assays, DNA sequencing and polymerase chain reaction single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), and one phenotypic assay, phage amplified biological assay(More)
Che12 is a temperate Chennai phage infecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The nucleotide sequence of the 52,047 bp linear double stranded DNA genome has a GC content of 62.9% with 70 putative ORFs identified. Functions are assigned to 24 genes based on the similarity of the predicted products to known proteins. Che12 genome is highly similar to(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Sensitivity of Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) method is known to be low for liquefied sputum smears. Information on the ZN sensitivity for centrifuged deposit smears is not known. This study was carried out to determine the sensitivity of ZN method for acid fast bacilli (AFB) in centrifuged deposit smears and liquefied sputum smears made from(More)
Periodic drug resistance surveillance provides useful information on trends of drug resistance and effectiveness of tuberculosis (TB) control measures. The present study determines the prevalence of drug resistance among new sputum smear positive (NSP) and previously treated (PT) pulmonary TB patients, diagnosed at public sector designated microscopy(More)
UNLABELLED Mycobacteriophage genome database (MGDB) is an exclusive repository of the 64 completely sequenced mycobacteriophages with annotated information. It is a comprehensive compilation of the various gene parameters captured from several databases pooled together to empower mycobacteriophage researchers. The MGDB (Version No.1.0) comprises of 6086(More)