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We have previously identified amelotin (AMTN) as a novel protein expressed predominantly during the late stages of dental enamel formation, but its role during amelogenesis remains to be determined. In this study we generated transgenic mice that produce AMTN under the amelogenin (Amel) gene promoter to study the effect of AMTN overexpression on enamel(More)
The optic tectum is a dorsal, prominent and well corticalised structure of the fish brain. It grows according to a pattern exceptional in the vertebrate central nervous system, by addition of radial columns of cells at its periphery. We took advantage of this peculiar feature to readily identify genes differentially expressed in the tectal proliferative(More)
The Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway plays an important role in the development of many tissues and organs. The secreted ligand Shh has been shown to act as a mitogen, morphogen and survival factor in different contexts whereas the three Gli transcription factors act as Shh mediators in a context-dependent combinatorial fashion. The common wisdom has been that(More)
The proper function of the craniofacial skeleton requires the proper shaping of many individual skeletal elements. Neural crest cells generate much of the craniofacial skeleton and morphogenesis of skeletal elements occurs in transient, reiterated structures termed pharyngeal arches. The shape of individual elements depends upon intrinsic patterning within(More)
attended by participants from academia and industry, and focused on recent experience from several randomized controlled clinical trials of candidate dengue therapeutic agents [1,2,3]. The aim of this article is to provide an informed set of recommendations for the design and conduct of early-phase clinical trials where safety and antiviral efficacy are the(More)
Nicastrin is a member of the high molecular weight presenilin complex that plays a central role in gamma-secretase cleavage of numerous type-1 membrane-associated proteins required for cell signaling, proliferation and lineage development. We have generated a nicastrin-null mouse line by disruption of exon 3. Similar to previously described nicastrin-null(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus suis infection, an emerging zoonosis, is an increasing public health problem across South East Asia and the most common cause of acute bacterial meningitis in adults in Vietnam. Little is known of the risk factors underlying the disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS A case-control study with appropriate hospital and matched community(More)
Missense mutations in presenilin 1 (PS1) gene are the most common cause of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). AD pathogenic PS1 mutations result in elevated gamma-secretase cleavage of APP and diminished S3-site cleavage of Notch. We have previously described a PS1-hypomorphic mouse line that could survive postnatally with markedly reduced(More)