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The antihistamine [3H]mepyramine binds to H1 histamine receptors in mammalian brain membranes. Potencies of H1 antihistamines at the binding sites correlate with their pharmacological antihistamine effects in the guinea pig ileum. Specific [3H]mepyramine binding is saturable with a dissociation constant of about 4 nM in both equilibrium and kinetic(More)
The transcription factor Flo8/Som1 controls filamentous growth in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and virulence in the plant pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae. Flo8/Som1 includes a characteristic N-terminal LUG/LUH-Flo8-single-stranded DNA binding (LUFS) domain and is activated by the cAMP dependent protein kinase A signaling pathway. Heterologous SomA from Aspergillus(More)
The cruciferous fungal pathogen Verticillium longisporum represents an allodiploid hybrid with long spores and almost double the amount of nuclear DNA compared to other Verticillium species. V. longisporum evolved at least three times by hybridization. In Europe, virulent A1xD1 and avirulent A1xD3 hybrids were isolated from the oilseed crop Brassica napus.(More)
The first leaky auxotrophic mutant for aromatic amino acids of the near-diploid fungal plant pathogen Verticillium longisporum (VL) has been generated. VL enters its host Brassica napus through the roots and colonizes the xylem vessels. The xylem contains little nutrients including low concentrations of amino acids. We isolated the gene Vlaro2 encoding(More)
Histidine decarboxylase from fetal rat liver was purified to near-homogeneity. The purified enzyme has a molecular weight of 210,000, and appears to contain two subunits with molecular weights of 145,000 and 66,000, respectively. The enzyme is inhibited by heavy metals such as Hg2+ and Zn2+ and sulfhydryl-reactive compounds such as(More)
The plant-pathogenic fungus Verticillium longisporum is a causal agent of early senescence and ripening in cruciferous crops like Brassica napus. Verticillium wilts have become serious agricultural threats in recent decades. Verticillium species infect host plants through the roots and colonize xylem vessels of the host plant. The xylem fluid provides an(More)
To assess whether specific peptidases regulate neuropeptide disposition, we have examined histochemically the localization of dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase II (DAP II). With beta-naphthylamide (beta-NA) substrates, this enzyme has a selectivity for lysyl-alanyl-beta-NA. DAP II staining is highly localized to specific neuronal populations with no staining over(More)
Specific binding of [3H]mepyramine to membranes of various peripheral tissues of different species has been demonstrated. Drug specificity indicates an association with histamine H1-receptors. Of all the tissues examined brain contains the highest numbers of binding sites, while substantial levels of specific [3H]mepyramine binding are also demonstrable in(More)
Somatostatin receptors in rat brain, pituitary, and pancreas were labeled with two radioiodinated analogs of somatostatins 14 and 28. Two cyclic analogs of somatostatin, SMS201-995 and cyclo(Ala-Cys-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr-Cys), showed biphasic displacement of binding to somatostatin receptors by these radioligands. In contrast, all other somatostatin analogs,(More)