Van Trung Pham

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We systematically study the computational complexity of a broad class of computational problems in phylogenetic reconstruction. The class contains for example the rooted triple consistency problem, forbidden subtree problems, the quartet consistency problem, and many other problems studied in the bioinformatics literature. The studied problems can be(More)
It is well-known that the class of lattices generated by Chip Firing games (CFGs) is strictly included in the class of upper locally distributive lattices (ULD). However a necessary and sufficient criterion for this class is still an open question. In this paper we settle this problem by giving such a criterion. This criterion provides a polynomial-time(More)
HAL is a multidisciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. L'archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt età la diffusion(More)
This paper presents a generalization of the sandpile model, called the parallel symmetric sandpile model, which inherits the rule of the symmetric sandpile model and implements them in parallel. We prove that although the parallel model produces really less number of fixed points than that by the sequential model, the forms of fixed points of the two models(More)
We determine the complexity of all constraint satisfaction problems over partial orders, in particular we show that every such problem is NP-complete or can be solved in polynomial time. This result generalises the complexity dichotomy for temporal constraint satisfaction problems by Bodirsky and Kára. We apply the so called universal-algebraic approach(More)
Let (L; C) be the (up to isomorphism unique) countable homogeneous structure carrying a binary branching C-relation. We study the reducts of (L; C), i.e., the structures with domain L that are first-order definable in (L; C). We show that up to existential interdefinability, there are finitely many such reducts. This implies that there are finitely many(More)
The Chip-firing game is a discrete dynamical system played on a graph, in which chips move along edges according to a simple local rule. Properties of the underlying graph are of course useful to the understanding of the game, but since a conjecture of Biggs that was proved by Merino López, we also know that the study of the Chip-firing game can give(More)
There exist two conjectures for constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) of reducts of finitely bounded homogeneous structures: the first one states that tractability of the CSP of such a structure is, when the structure is a model-complete core, equivalent to its polymor-phism clone satisfying a certain non-trivial linear identity modulo outer embeddings.(More)