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It is well-known that the class of lattices generated by Chip Firing games (CFGs) is strictly included in the class of upper locally distributive lattices (ULD). However a necessary and sufficient criterion for this class is still an open question. In this paper we settle this problem by giving such a criterion. This criterion provides a polynomial-time… (More)

This paper presents a generalization of the sandpile model, called the parallel symmetric sandpile model, which inherits the rule of the symmetric sandpile model and implements them in parallel. We prove that although the parallel model produces really less number of fixed points than that by the sequential model, the forms of fixed points of the two models… (More)

Sand Pile Models are discrete dynamical systems emphasizing the phenomenon of Self-Organized Criticality. From a configuration composed of a finite number of stacked grains, we apply on every possible positions (in parallel) two grain moving transition rules. The transition rules permit one grain to fall to its right or left (symmetric) neighboring column… (More)

We systematically study the computational complexity of a broad class of computational problems in phylogenetic reconstruction. The class contains for example the rooted triple consistency problem, forbidden subtree problems, the quartet consistency problem, and many other problems studied in the bioinformatics literature. The studied problems can be… (More)

The Chip-firing game is a discrete dynamical system played on a graph, in which chips move along edges according to a simple local rule. Properties of the underlying graph are of course useful to the understanding of the game, but since a conjecture of Biggs that was proved by Merino López, we also know that the study of the Chip-firing game can give… (More)

In this paper we determine the complexity of a broad class of problems that extends the temporal constraint satisfaction problems in [BK10]. To be more precise we study problems where the input consists of quantifier-free ≤-formulas from a given set Φ; the question is whether these formulas are satisfied by any finite partial order or not. We show that… (More)

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