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We measured the in situ biomechanical properties of knee joint cartilage from five species (bovine, canine, human, monkey, and rabbit) to examine the biomechanical relevance of animal models of human knee joint injuries and osteoarthritis. In situ biphasic creep indentation experiments were performed to simultaneously determine all three intrinsic material(More)
Part I (Mak et al., 1987, J. Biomechanics 20, 703-714) presented the theoretical solutions for the biphasic indentation of articular cartilage under creep and stress-relaxation conditions. In this study, using the creep solution, we developed an efficient numerical algorithm to compute all three material coefficients of cartilage in situ on the joint(More)
Stereophotogrammetry was used to investigate the functional relations between the articular surface geometry, contact patterns, and kinematics of the glenohumeral joint. Nine normal shoulder specimens were elevated in the scapular plane by using simulated muscle forces in neutral rotation (NR) and starting rotation (SR). Motion was quantified by analyzing(More)
Three-dimensional geometric models of the articular surfaces of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint were constructed using precise data obtained from stereophotogrammetry (SPG). It was demonstrated that by using a least-squares surface-fitting technique, the SPG data on the surface can accurately be described by a single parametric biquintic spline(More)
Little quantitative data exists defining the true shape of the humeral head and glenoid articular surfaces. This study uses a precise stereophotogrammetry (SPG) technique and provides highly accurate quantitative results for determining the three-dimensional geometry of glenohumeral joint articular surfaces, including their "sphericity", surface areas,(More)
Many clinical studies have emphasized the role of the hamstrings and the iliotibial band on knee mechanics, although few biomechanical studies have investigated it. This study therefore examined two hypotheses: (a) with loading of the hamstrings, the tibia translates posteriorly and rotates externally and the tibial contact pattern shifts anteriorly;(More)
Failure of articular cartilage has been investigated experimentally and theoretically, but there is only partial agreement between observed failure and predicted regions of peak stresses. Since trauma and repetitive stress are implicated in the etiopathogenesis of osteoarthritis, it is important to develop cartilage models which correctly predict sites of(More)
The main objective of this study is to determine the nature of electric fields inside articular cartilage while accounting for the effects of both streaming potential and diffusion potential. Specifically, we solve two tissue mechano-electrochemical problems using the triphasic theories developed by Lai et al. (1991, ASME J. Biomech Eng., 113, pp. 245-258)(More)
The articular topography of 46 osteoarthritic thumb carpometacarpal joints was quantitatively analyzed, as well as variations with regard to gender, age, site, and anatomic osteoarthritic stage. It was found that for osteoarthritic thumb carpometacarpal joints, (1) the opposing articular surfaces of elder and severely degenerated joints are more congruent(More)
In January of 2011, the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) and the Society for Physical Regulation in Biology and Medicine (SPRBM) held its inaugural Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering (CMBE) conference. The CMBE conference assembled worldwide leaders in the field of CMBE and held a very successful Round Table discussion among leaders. One of the(More)