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This study reports on rural-urban differences in the effectiveness of a church-based educational program aimed at increasing breast cancer screening among African American women ages 40 and over. The data were drawn from an intervention study in urban Nashville, and a pilot extension of the study in five rural counties of West Tennessee. The partial program(More)
PURPOSE This study examines the predictors of breast cancer screening participation in a panel study of African American women over age 40. We examine the effect of depression, age, beliefs and concerns about breast cancer and its risk, communication with social networks regarding screening, marital status, participation in religious organizations, breast(More)
PURPOSE This study tested for an association between diabetes and depressive symptoms and assessed the effect of co-occurring diabetes and depressive symptoms on healthcare utilization outcomes among African-American patients. PROCEDURE The sample consisted of 303 adult African-American patients age 40 and over from a primary care clinic serving the(More)
With the rapid growth of HIV infection among African Americans, the issue of how medical problems relate to psychological functioning in the black community population has acquired new meaning and urgency for health care policy. To develop effective strategies to meet the mental health needs of infected African Americans we need a better understanding of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate race and gender differences in health care service utilization and costs among the Medicare elderly with psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS The authors employ a 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries from Tennessee (N = 33,680), and among those with a psychiatric diagnosis (n = 5,339), they examine health care service utilization and(More)
The development of effective coping strategies may require that women and men with HIV have an accurate, and to the greatest extent possible, positive, perception of their own health status. This has been found to be lacking among HIV-infected persons with limited education/information, including many minority adults. The objective of this study is to test(More)
This study tests a set of hypotheses that predict self-esteem and anxiety in adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The analysis is motivated by the following question: Is the level of perceived coherence, i.e., the extent to which individuals derive meaning and purpose in their lives despite their HIV-illness, related to their levels of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a church-based breast cancer screening education program on mammography attainment by African American women 40 years old and older in rural Alabama. The sample consisted of 192 women who volunteered to participate in the study through 13 African American churches in a rural,(More)
The psychological functioning of HIV-infected individuals in community populations has taken on new meaning and urgency for healthcare policymakers responding to the special challenges of the AIDS epidemic. The authors' objective is to test several hypotheses that predict depression and anxiety in adults infected with HIV. Data were obtained from 156(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare gender differences in mood disorders, service utilization, and health care costs among a random sample of Medicare elderly beneficiaries of Tennessee. DATA SOURCES Medicare expenditure data from a 5% random sample of Tennessee Medicare beneficiaries (n = 35,673) were examined for 1991-1993. The physician reimbursement files provided(More)