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The concept of nanotechnologies is based on size-dependent properties of particles in the 1-100 nm range. However, the relation between the particle size and biological effects is still unclear. The aim of the current paper was to generate and analyse a homogenous set of experimental toxicity data on Ag nanoparticles (Ag NPs) of similar coating (citrate)(More)
The knowledge on potential harmful effects of metallic nanomaterials lags behind their increased use in consumer products and therefore, the safety data on various nanomaterials applicable for risk assessment are urgently needed. In this study, 11 metal oxide nanoparticles (MeOx NPs) prepared using flame pyrolysis method were analyzed for their toxicity(More)
Titanium dioxide is a photocatalyst with well-known ability to oxidise a wide range of organic contaminants as well as to destroy microbial cells. In the present work TiO2 nanoparticles with high specific surface area (150m(2)/g) were used to prepare nanostructured films. The TiO2 nanoparticle-based film in combination with UV-A illumination with intensity(More)
Silver nanoparticles are extensively used in antibacterial applications. However, the mechanisms of their antibacterial action are not yet fully explored. We studied the solubility-driven toxicity of 100 × 6100 nm (mean primary diameter × length) silver nanowires (NWs) to recombinant bioluminescent Escherichia coli as a target representative of enteric(More)
Extracellular enzyme activities and the kinetics of glucose and leucine uptake were measured to study the role of different substrate pools for bacterioplankton in a shallow eutrophic lake. The study took place during the period of cyanobacterial bloom in late summer and its collapse in the autumn. Leucine aminopeptidase activity (LAP), b-glucosidase(More)
Colorimetric gas sensing is demonstrated by thin films based on ultrasmall TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) on Si substrates. The NPs are bound into the film by p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA) and the film is made to absorb volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Since the color of the sensing element depends on the interference of reflected light from the surface of the(More)
The changes in optical properties during TiO₂ nanowire orientation in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix under the influence of an electric field are strongly influenced by nanowire (NW) diameter. It was demonstrated for the first time that either positive or negative change in transmittance can be induced by NW alignment parallel to the electric field(More)
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