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The distribution and quantitation of enteroviruses among water, suspended solids, and compact sediments in a polluted estuary are described. Samples were collected sequentially from water, suspended solids, fluffy sediments (uppermost layer of bottom sediments), and compact sediment. A total of 103 samples were examined of which 27 (26%) were positive for(More)
As part of our studies on the ecology of human enteric viruses, an improved method for detection of rotaviruses in water was developed, and their presence in Galveston Bay was monitored. Samples (378 liters) of estuarine water adjusted to pH 3.5 and a final AlCl3 molarity of 0.001 were filtered through 25-cm pleated cartridge-type filters (Filterite Corp.,(More)
Recent studies have provided a greater understanding of the movement of viruses in the environment by their attachment to solids. These studies have focused on solids-associated viruses present in wastewater discharged into the ocean and on viruses in sludge and wastewater that may be retained in soil following their land disposal. Such ocean or land(More)
A subtoxic dose of CCl4 is known to destroy liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 and this is widely accepted as the mechanism of CCl4 autoprotection. Circumstantial evidence suggests that while cytochrome P-450 is significantly decreased, this mechanism alone cannot explain the phenomenon of autoprotection. Previous studies have established that hepatocellular(More)
Six laboratories actively involved in water virology research participated in a methods evaluation study, conducted under the auspices of the American Society for Testing and Materials Committee on Viruses in the Aquatic Environment, Task Force on Drinking Water. Each participant was asked to examine the Viradel (virus adsorption-elution) method with(More)
Excited-state dipole moments of some hydroxycoumarins, extensively used as laser dyes, have been determined using the solvatochromic method based on the microscopic solvent polarity parameter EN(T). Agreement between experimental and Austin model 1 (AM 1) calculated dipole moment changes has been found to be close in most of the cases. Our results are(More)
A simple method for concentration and detection of rotavirus and enteroviruses in the blue crab is described. Virus was separated from tissue homogenates at pH 9.5, concentrated by adsorption to protein precipitates at pH 3.5, and recovered by elution of precipitates at pH 9.2. Test samples of 12 to 15 ml were produced from an initial 100 g of crab tissues.(More)
A single administration of a subtoxic dose of CCl4 (100 μl/kg, i.p.) is known to induce hepatocellular regeneration and tissue repair at 6 and 48 h in rats, permitting prompt recovery from the limited liver injury associated with that dose of CCl4. Substantial evidence has accumulated to indicate that the early-phase hepatocellular regeneration and tissue(More)
A 27 year old female developed delayed onset of persistent generalized dystonia following a suicidal attempt with potassium cyanide. Cranial CT scan showed bilateral putaminal hypodensities which were also seen on MRI scans to be hypointense on T1 and hyperintense on T2 weighted images. Multimodality evoked potentials were normal. An improvement was noted(More)
This paper presents an alternative and efficient method for solving the optimal control of single-stage hybrid manufacturing systems which are composed with two different categories: continuous dynamics and discrete dynamics. Three different inertia weights, a constant inertia weight (CIW), time-varying inertia weight (TVIW), and global-local best inertia(More)