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INTRODUCTION We assessed expression of p85 and p110α PI3K subunits in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) specimens and the association with mTOR expression, and studied effects of targeting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in NSCLC cell lines. METHODS Using Automated Quantitative Analysis we quantified expression of PI3K subunits in two cohorts of 190 and 168(More)
Challenges in measurement of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein expression have led to conflicting data on its prognostic value and discontinuation of its use for prediction of response. Herein is described a quantitative standardized assay for EGFR and its use in a series of retrospective cohorts of patients with non-small cell lung cancer(More)
Genome-wide copy number analyses of human cancers identified a frequent 5p13 amplification in several solid tumour types, including lung (56%), ovarian (38%), breast (32%), prostate (37%) and melanoma (32%). Here, using integrative analysis of a genomic profile of the region, we identify a Golgi protein, GOLPH3, as a candidate targeted for amplification.(More)
While efforts are made to improve tissue quality and control preanalytical variables, pathologists are often confronted with the challenge of molecular analysis of patient samples of unknown quality. Here we describe a first attempt to construct a tissue quality index (TQI) or an intrinsic control that would allow a global assessment of protein status based(More)
BACKGROUND Companion diagnostic tests can depend on accurate measurement of protein expression in tissues. Preanalytic variables, especially cold ischemic time (time from tissue removal to fixation in formalin) can affect the measurement and may cause false-negative results. We examined 23 proteins, including four commonly used breast cancer biomarker(More)
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, with 1.2 million patients diagnosed annually. In late-stage colorectal cancer, the most commonly used targeted therapies are the monoclonal antibodies cetuximab and panitumumab, which prevent epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation. Recent studies have identified alterations in KRAS and(More)
PURPOSE Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key kinase downstream of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT predominantly involved in translational control in the presence of nutrients and energy. Despite the well known role of mTOR in carcinogenesis, its prognostic potential in lung cancer has not been investigated. Here, we quantitatively assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Bcl-2 promotes cell survival by inhibiting adapters needed for the activation and cleavage of caspases thus blocking the proteolytic cascade that ultimately dismantles the cell. Bcl-2 has been investigated as a prognostic factor in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with conflicting results. METHODS Here, we quantitatively assessed(More)
We aimed to define, for the first time, the ontogeny of intrarenal innervation and to assess the distribution and nature of parenchymal nerves in the human fetal kidney. Our material consisted of routinely-processed renal tissue sections from 17 human fetuses, six of 20-24 gestational weeks (gw) and 11 of 25-40 gw, and three adults. We used(More)