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Ischemia-reperfusion injury is a common early event in kidney transplantation and contributes to a delay in organ function. Acute tubular necrosis, impaired kidney function and organ leukocyte infiltration are the major findings. The therapeutic potential of stem cells has been the focus of recent research as these cells possess capabilities such as(More)
Uveitis is an intraocular inflammatory disease causing a significant visual impairment. The disease can be idiopathic, associated with infectious and systemic disorders or arisen from an unknown cause. Over the last 20years the model of EAU in mice has contributed significantly for the establishment of parameters for diagnostic evaluations and therapies for(More)
Ischemia and reperfusion injury (IR) is an antigen independent inflammatory process that causes tissue damage. After IR, kidneys up-regulate leukocyte adhesion molecules and toll-like receptors (TLRs). Moreover, injured kidneys can also secrete factors (i.e. heat shock protein) which bind to TLRs and trigger intracellular events culminating with the(More)
OBJECTIVE Available chemotherapy presents poor control over the development of metastatic melanoma. FTY720 is a compound already approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis. It has also been observed that FTY720 inhibits tumor growth in vivo (experimental models) and in vitro (animal and human tumor(More)
Novel small molecular weight compounds that act by inhibiting the monocarboxylate transporter (MCT1) receptor have been found to cause profound inhibition of T-cell responses to alloantigen in vitro. Here, we have investigated the ability of one compound in this series, AR-C117977, a potent MCT1 inhibitor, to prevent the acute and chronic rejection of(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, a common early feature in renal transplantation, results from both free radical species generation and local inflammatory responses that attract different types of cells. The interaction with infiltrating leukocytes could promote damage and death of resident renal cells contributing to worsening of renal function. It has(More)
PURPOSE FTY720 (fingolimod) is an immunomodulatory drug capable of preventing T-cell migration to inflammatory sites by binding to and subsequently downregulating the expression of sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor 1 (S1P(1)) leading in turn to T-cell retention in lymphoid organs. Additional effects of FTY720 by increasing functional activity of regulatory T(More)
Infections, cancer and autoimmune diseases occur more frequently in the elderly, and although many factors contribute to this, the age-related remodelling of the immune system, termed immunosenescence, plays a major role. Over the last two decades, studies have evaluated the effect of ageing on both the adaptive and innate arms of the immune system and(More)
FTY720 has been shown to prevent cancer development in experimental models but there is no report whether this beneficial effect is associated with the time point of the drug administration. Lung adenoma was induced in mice by urethane injection followed by different periods of FTY720 administration in order to evaluate lung tumor development. BALB/c mice(More)
Urethane is a chemical carcinogen which causes lung tumorigenesis in mice with similarities to human adenocarcinoma (AC). The sphingosine 1-phosphate agonist FTY720 administered to mice in doses above 5 mg/kg/day has been able to prevent hepatocellular carcinoma and bladder cancer. We used BALB/c mice in urethane-induced lung cancer model to investigate the(More)