Valmik Bhargava

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The present study reports the development and characterization of a murine model of right ventricular dysfunction following graded constriction in the pulmonary artery via microsurgical approaches. To analyze in vivo ventricular function, a technique of x-ray contrast microangiography was developed to allow the quantitative analysis of ventricular volumes(More)
This study was designed to determine whether the force-frequency effect on myocardial contractility, known to be importantly regulated by the adrenergic nervous system in experimental animals, can be enhanced by beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation in patients with heart failure. Animal experiments have demonstrated that the positive force-frequency(More)
BACKGROUND Motion of the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) probe within the coronary artery from cardiac contraction may result in artifacts during 3-dimensional ultrasound image reconstruction and inaccurate measurements of coronary compliance. The purpose of this study was to establish whether longitudinal movement of the IVUS transducer in the coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to evaluate the obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcomes of teenage pregnancy in a tertiary care teaching hospital. METHODS A retrospective case control study was performed over a period of 5 years. Data were retrieved from hospital records. All teenage mothers (aged 13-19 completed years at delivery) delivering in(More)
We hypothesized that electrocardiogram (ECG) spatial phase analysis would define a spectrum of intracardiac organization from atrial fibrillation (AF), nonisthmus-dependent and isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) to supraventricular tachycardias (SVT), and similarly for ventricular arrhythmias. We analyzed arrhythmia ECGs of 33 patients with isthmus (n =(More)
Studies based on analysis of QRS notching and slurring have suggested an increase in high frequency QRS potentials following myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of an indirect, but easily quantitated index of high frequency potentials--the peak-to-peak amplitude of the high frequency signal. A commercially-available(More)
Electrical activation of the ventricles via the His-Purkinje system is represented on the body surface by a waveform with a broad range of frequency components. We speculate that this process is mediated by current flow through a fractal-like conduction network and therefore that the broadband spectrum of the depolarization waveform should be scaled as a(More)
Left ventricular pressure and segment length were measured in seven conscious chronically instrumented dogs with the pericardium intact and 3-9 days after pericardiectomy. Diastolic pressure-length plots were obtained under control conditions and after acute volume loading followed by sodium nitroprusside infusion. In all dogs with intact pericardium,(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating subclinical lipopolysaccharide (LPS) occurs in health and disease. Ingesting high fatty meals increases LPS that cause metabolic endotoxemia. Subclinical LPS in periodontal disease may impair endothelial function. The heart may be targeted as cardiac cells express TLR4, the LPS receptor. It was hypothesized that recurrent exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Anal sphincter complex muscles, the internal anal sphincter, external anal sphincter, and puborectalis muscles, play an important role in the anal continence mechanism. Patients with symptoms of fecal incontinence have weak anal sphincter complex muscles; however, their length-tension properties and relationship to anatomical disruption have(More)