Valme Jurado

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Three actinobacteria strains isolated from a green biofilm covering the biodeteriorated interior walls of Vilar de Frades Church (Portugal) were studied using a polyphasic approach. The three strains were aerobic, non-spore forming and Gram-positive. Phylogenetically, the most closely related described species was Rubrobacter radiotolerans (94.2-94.3% and(More)
A bacterial strain, S21BT, was isolated from Altamira Cave (Cantabria, Spain). The cells were Gram-negative, short rods growing aerobically. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain S21BT represented a separate subline of descent within the family 'Aurantimonadaceae' (showing 96% sequence similarity to Aurantimonas coralicida) in the(More)
In the last few years, the microbial colonisation of mural paintings in ancient monuments has been attracting the attention of microbiologists and conservators. The genus Rubrobacter is commonly found in biodeteriorated monuments, where it has been reported to cause rosy discolouration. However, to date, only three species of this genus have been isolated,(More)
Two strains were isolated from tuff, a volcanic rock that forms the walls of the Roman Catacombs of Saint Callixtus in Rome, Italy. A polyphasic approach using nutritional and physiological tests, reactions to antibiotics, fatty acid profiles, DNA base ratios, DNA-DNA reassociation and 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons showed that the two isolates belong(More)
In the last few years, geomicrobiologists have focused their researches on the nature and origin of enigmatic reticulated filaments reported in modern and fossil samples from limestone caves and basalt lava tubes. Researchers have posed questions on these filaments concerning their nature, origin, chemistry, morphology, mode of formation and growth. A(More)
Morphologically similar microbial communities that often form on the walls of geographically distinct limestone caves have not yet been comparatively studied. Here, we analysed phylotype distribution in yellow microbial community samples obtained from the walls of distinct caves located in Spain, Czech Republic and Slovenia. To infer the level of similarity(More)
A number of mural paintings and building materials from monuments located in central and south Europe are characterized by the presence of an intriguing rosy discolouration phenomenon. Although some similarities were observed among the bacterial and archaeal microbiota detected in these monuments, their origin and nature is still unknown. In order to get a(More)
A polyphasic study was carried out to clarify the taxonomic position of two Gram-positive bacteria isolated from soil samples of the Grotta dei Cervi (Italy), a relatively unexplored hypogean environment. The strains, 20-5T and 23-23T, showed phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics that were consistent with their classification in the genus Agromyces.(More)
An actinomycete, strain Z33(T), was isolated from a cyanobacterial biofilm in the Cave of Bats, near Zuheros (Cordoba, southern Spain). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain Z33(T) formed a distinct phyletic line within the genus Agromyces. This isolate could be readily distinguished from representatives of all recognized Agromyces species on(More)