Valeta Carol Chancey

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Tensile neck injuries are amongst the most serious cervical injuries. However, because neither reliable human cervical tensile tolerance data nor tensile structural data are currently available, the quantification of tensile injury risk is limited. The purpose of this study is to provide previously unavailable kinetic and tolerance data for the ligamentous(More)
Whole body vibration has been postulated to contribute to the onset of back pain. However, little is known about the relationship between vibration exposure, the biomechanical response, and the physiological responses of the seated human. The aim of this study was to measure the frequency and corresponding muscle responses of seated male volunteers during(More)
UNLABELLED Neck pain and muscle function in aircrew have received considerable attention. We hypothesized normalized electromyography (EMG) frequency would provide insight into appropriate methods to assess muscle fatigue in helicopter aircrew. METHODS 40 helicopter aircrew performed isometric testing that included maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) and(More)
The aim of this study was to describe and explain the variation of neck muscle strength along the cervical spine. A three-dimensional model of the head-neck complex was developed to test the hypothesis that the moment-generating capacity of the neck musculature is lower in the upper cervical spine than in the lower cervical spine. The model calculations(More)
Tensile loading of the human cervical spine results from noncontact inertial loading of the head as well as mandibular and craniofacial impacts. Current vehicle safety standards include a neck injury criterion based on beam theory that uses a linear combination of the normalized upper cervical axial force and sagittal plane moment. This study examines this(More)
This study evaluated the biofidelity of both the Hybrid III and the THOR-NT anthropomorphic test device (ATD) necks in quasistatic tension-bending and pure-bending by comparing the responses of both the ATDs with results from validated computational models of the living human neck. This model was developed using post-mortem human surrogate (PMHS)(More)
The center of rotation (COR) of the upper cervical spine (UCS) is an important biomechanical landmark that is used to determine upper neck moment, particularly when evaluating injury risk in the automotive environment. However, neither the location of the UCS CORs nor the occipital condyles (OCs), which are frequently the referenced landmark for UCS CORs,(More)
BACKGROUND While cervical spine injury biomechanics reviews in motor vehicle and sports environments are available, there is a paucity of studies in military loadings. This article presents an analysis on the biomechanics and applications of cervical spine injury research with an emphasis on human tolerance for underbody blast loadings in the military. (More)
1 Michael R. Gustafson, Duke University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 150A Hudson Hall, Durham, NC 27708 mrg@acpub.duke.edu 2 Gary A. Ybarra, Duke University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 130 Hudson Hall, Durham, NC 27708 gary@duke.edu 3 Valeta Carol Chancey, Duke University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, 136 Hudson(More)
In this work we present a study of the characterization of an Advanced Combat Helmet (ACH) using experimental modal analysis techniques. A medium-sized helmet was impacted at different location and the vibration response was used to estimate a global frequency model. This was achieved using the modal parameters of the local models obtained for a specific(More)