Valeska Hofmeister

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HLA-G is a nonclassical MHC molecule with highly limited tissue distribution that has been attributed chiefly immune regulatory functions. Glioblastoma is paradigmatic for the capability of human cancers to paralyze the immune system. To delineate the potential role of HLA-G in glioblastoma immunobiology, expression patterns and functional relevance of this(More)
During normal early pregnancy, a particular immune environment in the decidua and the expression of non-classical HLA-G and HLA-E molecules on the invading trophoblast are assumed to be essential for the tolerance of the fetus. To assess whether HLA-G and HLA-E influence the cytokine production of their putative target cells [large granular lymphocytes(More)
Impaired activity of natural killer cells has been proposed as a mechanism contributing to viral persistence in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Natural cytotoxicity is regulated by interactions of HLA-E with inhibitory CD94/NKG2A receptors on natural killer (NK) cells. Here, we studied whether HCV core encodes peptides that bind to HLA-E and inhibit(More)
For anti-tumor therapy different strategies have been employed, e.g., radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. Notably, these approaches do not only address the tumor cells themselves, but also the tumor stroma cells, e.g., endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and macrophages. This is of advantage, since these cells actively contribute to the proliferative(More)
HLA-G regulates immune responses as it binds different receptors expressed on natural killer (NK) cells, T cells and myeloid cells. HLA-G1 can inhibit NK- and T-cell-mediated lysis of target cells by its interaction with the inhibitory receptors ILT2 and ILT4. Engaging KIR2DL4 triggers different reactions depending on the activation state of the effector(More)
The preferential expression of the non-polymorphic human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) on invading extravillous cytotrophoblast cells that are, with the exception of HLA-C and -E, HLA class I negative led to the hypothesis that HLA-G plays a major role in controlling the effector functions of the large granular leukocytes (LGL), a specialized natural killer(More)
Sorafenib, originally developed as CRAF inhibitor but soon recognized as a multikinase inhibitor, is currently widely tested for the treatment of different cancers either alone or in combination therapy. However, the clinical success, particularly in immunogenic tumors such as melanoma, was less than anticipated. Because T-cell activation is tightly(More)
HLA-G is a non-classical MHC class I molecule with highly limited tissue distribution which has been attributed chiefly immune-regulatory functions. We previously have reported that HLA-G is expressed in inflamed muscle in vivo and by cultured myoblasts in vitro. Here, we used the in vitro models of human myoblasts or TE671 muscle rhabdomyosarcoma cells to(More)
Immunotherapy has been widely investigated for its potential use in cancer therapy and it becomes more and more apparent that the selection of target antigens is essential for its efficacy. Indeed, limited clinical efficacy is partly due to immune evasion mechanisms of neoplastic cells, e.g. downregulation of expression or presentation of the respective(More)
Human cytomegalovirus has evolved multiple strategies to interfere with immune recognition by the host. A variety of mechanisms affect antigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex class I molecules resulting in a reduced class I cell-surface expression. This downregulation is expected to trigger natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity, requiring(More)