Valery V Polyakov

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In 20 normal and four anosmic participants, instantaneous inhalation and exhalation flow rates were recorded in response to 15 s stimulations with clean air or propionic acid concentrations (0.16, 1.14, 8.22 and 59.15 p.p.m., v/v) that ranged from peri-threshold for normals to clearly supra-threshold for anosmics. Each odorant/irritant delivery to the(More)
Numerous anecdotes in the past suggest the concept that sleep disturbances in astronauts occur more frequently during spaceflight than on ground. Such disturbances may be caused in part by exogenous factors, but also an altered physiological state under microgravity may add to reducing sleep quality in a spacecraft. The present investigation aims at a(More)
Significant changes of thermogomeostatic parameters was obtained by thermotopometric method using the techniques simulate of microgravity effects: bed rest, pressurized isolation, suit immersion (SI). However, each of ground models made rectal temperature (T) trend downward. The autothermometric study (24 and 12 sessions, 2-13th and 6-174th flight days) was(More)
The state of the digestive organs was comprehensively studied in 12 cosmonauts before, during, and after Mirmissions 132-438 days long. The study consisted of glucose–milk loading during which the glycemic profile, the biochemical composition of capillary blood, and the ultrasonic pattern of the internal organs and the blood vessels of the abdominal cavity(More)
The space flight of physician cosmonaut V.V. Polyakov, the longest to date (438 days), has yielded new data about human adaptation to long-term weightlessness. Autonomic regulation of circulation and cardiac contractility were evaluated in three experiments entitled Pulstrans, Night, and Holter. In the Pulstrans experiment electrocardiographic (ECG),(More)
Investigations on spontaneous oculomotor activity were carried out prior to and after (five cosmonauts) and during space flight (two cosmonauts) on the 3rd, 5th and 164th days of the space flight. Recording of oculomotor activity was carried out by electrooculography on automated data acquisition and processing system "Zora" based on personal computers. (More)
A complex psychophysiological test battery was applied to twelve subjects during long-term spaceflights. This experiment was designed to assess the psychophysiological reactivity to acute psychological stressors. A set of noninvasive physiological measurements (electrocardiogram, electromyogram, blood pressure, skin conductance, peripheral skin temperature)(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term acclimation of heart rate to microgravity was studied in a cosmonaut who stayed onboard the MIR space station for 438 d. This was the longest mission in the history of manned space exploration. The results are evaluated in the context of findings from three other cosmonauts who lived onboard MIR for a shorter time. HYPOTHESIS The(More)