Valery V. Kupriyanov

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The aims of this study were to characterize the routes of influx of the K+ congener, Rb+, into cardiac cells in the perfused rat heart and to evaluate their links to the intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) using 87Rb and 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The rate constant for Rb+ equilibration in the extracellular space was 8.5 times(More)
We studied the fluxes of a potassium congener (Rb(+)) in mouse hearts by (87)Rb MRS at 8.4T. The hearts were loaded with Rb(+) by perfusion with Krebs-Henseleit buffer, in which 50% of K(+) was substituted with Rb(+). We initiated Rb(+) efflux by changing the perfusion medium to Rb(+)-free buffer. Spectra were acquired every 1.85 min, and the kinetics of(More)
A number of medical applications of near-infrared spectroscopy are growing closer to clinical acceptance, and new techniques involving both spectroscopy and imaging are evolving rapidly. In vivo spectroscopy and, more recently, imaging techniques are largely based upon optical electronic transitions involving the metal centers of hemoglobin (blood),(More)
The aims of this study were to assess (1) whether contractile dysfunction caused by ischaemia under hyperkalaemic conditions ("cardioplegic ischaemia") is associated with impaired energy production or abnormalities in regulation of contractility and (2) whether hyperkalaemia itself contributes to contractile dysfunction. We used 31P and 23Na NMR(More)
In order to assess the relationship between cytosolic [ATP] or [ATP]/[ADP] and the intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i), we have used the phosphate trap 2-deoxy-D-glucose (DG) to alter the high energy phosphate levels in rat cardiomyocytes. Pyruvate-perfused rat hearts were treated with 2 mM DG in the presence of 10IU/l of insulin for 28 min, followed(More)
The aim of the study was to compare and analyze different noninvasive indices of cell damage in the isolated pig heart model of regional ischemia. We used (23)Na and (87)Rb MR imaging to evaluate Na(+)/K(+) balance, (31)P MR spectroscopy to measure energetics, and optical spectroscopy to assess oxymyoglobin (MbO(2)). Hearts were subjected to 120-min(More)
We used near-infrared spectroscopic (NIRS) imaging to assess the flow-dependence of both myocardial oxygenation and distribution of an intravascular tracer, indocyanine green (ICG). In open-chest pigs, nominal flow through the left anterior descending artery was reduced for 90 to 0 min (n = 6), 20 +/- 1 (n = 5) and 44% +/- 5% (n = 4) by variable occlusion(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic imaging is emerging as a unique tool for intra-operative assessment of myocardial oxygenation, but quantitative interpretation of the images is not straightforward. One confounding factor specific to muscle tissue (both skeletal and cardiac) is that the visible/NIR absorbance spectrum of myoglobin (Mb), an intracellular(More)
Near-infrared fibre-optic single point spectroscopy has been widely exploited to provide information regarding blood volume and oxygenation in vivo, but it does not provide any information on regional differences in perfusion. We have combined the chemical sensitivity of spectroscopy with the spatial sensitivity of imaging to generate maps of regional(More)
Reductions in regional coronary flow result in tissue deoxygenation and decrease in surface temperature, changes detectable by near-infrared spectroscopic (NIRS) and thermal imaging, respectively. In anesthetized open-chest pigs, an inflatable occluder and flow probe were placed around the left anterior descending artery. Gated NIRS and nongated thermal(More)