Learn More
Based on literary data, conditions necessary for membrane fusion are discussed. It is proposed that fusion mechanisms should be classified according to the primary act involving a change in the membrane structure. Two principal fusion mechanisms are identified: the stalk mechanism, starting with the appearance of a stalk between approaching membranes, and(More)
The addition of calcium to suspensions of egg phosphatidylcholine and cardiolipin converts multiwalled liposomes to the hexagonal (HII) phase (Rand, R.P., Sengupta, S. (1972)Biochim. Biophys. Acta 255:484–492). We have studied this lamellar to hexagonal phase transition by freeze-fracture, thin-section electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction and have(More)
Freeze-fracture and ultrathin section electron microscopy as well as31P-NMR spectroscopy and light scattering ofEscherichia coli andPseudomonas putida cells under conditions promoting the ability of cells to take up exogenous DNA's (high concentrations of divalent cations and a specific temperature regime) reveal the extensive polymorphic changes and the(More)
Two different types of cytochromec-phospholipid model membranes have been investigated by electron-microscopy. The preservation of the lamellar structure of the cytochromec plus phospholipid-water system after extraction of 88% phospholipids with aqueous acetone followed by only aldehyde fixation is revealed. Pronase digestion of this type of model membrane(More)
The ultrastructure of identified giant neurones of the visceral ring of Lymnaea stagnalis ganglion alters with the seasonal change of the animal and, experimentally, from the inactive physiological state (winter time or at +4 degrees C) to an active one (spring-summer time or at +18 degrees C). The ultrastructural organization of the active animal's(More)
  • 1