Valery Istomin

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Differences in baseline polymorphisms between subtypes may result in development of diverse mutational pathways during antiretroviral treatment. We compared drug resistance in patients with human immunodeficiency virus subtype C (referred to herein as "subtype-C-infected patients") versus subtype-B-infected patients following protease inhibitor (PI)(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic differences between subtypes of HIV-1, even when not associated with key resistance mutations, are known to affect baseline susceptibility to specific antiretroviral drugs and resistance-development pathways. We studied the prevalence and patterns of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-associated mutations in HIV-1(More)
BACKGROUND PCV7 was introduced as a universal childhood vaccination in Israel on July 2009 and was gradually replaced by PCV13 from November 2010. We report data on adult invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), two years post PCV13 implementation. METHODS An ongoing nationwide active surveillance (all 27 laboratories performing blood/CSF cultures(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare drug-resistant variants from untreated (naive) and treated patients infected with clade B or C virus. METHODS Consecutive samples (165) from patients throughout Israel were analyzed. All those in the treated group were failing highly active antiretroviral therapy. RESULTS There were 87 clade B (14 naive) and 78 clade C (20 naive)(More)
Common symptoms of the musculoskeletal system may occur as a rare presentation of an underlying malignancy. We describe a case of bronchogenic adenocarcinoma presenting as bilateral knee pain with arthritis due to bilateral metastases to the patellae. We also review the literature of patellar metastases.
BACKGROUND In Israel, <0.06% of the general population is infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with a much higher prevalence among specific groups. These groups are distinguished demographically by risk behavior category and by virus subtype. We investigated transmission of drug resistance within groups to assess the impact of these factors. (More)
BACKGROUND HIV subtypes A and CRF01_AE (A/AE) became prevalent in Israel, first through immigration of infected people, mostly intravenous-drug users (IVDU), from Former Soviet-Union (FSU) countries and then also by local spreading. We retrospectively studied virus-transmission patterns of these subtypes in comparison to the longer-established subtype B,(More)
BACKGROUND HIV in Israel started with a subtype-B epidemic among men who have sex with men, followed in the 1980s and 1990s by introductions of subtype C from Ethiopia (predominantly acquired by heterosexual transmission) and subtype A from the former Soviet Union (FSU, most often acquired by intravenous drug use). The epidemic matured over the last 15(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of potentially different impact of Lopinavir/Ritonavir (LPV/r) on non-B subtypes is confounded by dissimilarities in the conditions existing in different countries. We retrospectively compared its impact on populations infected with subtypes B and C in Israel, where patients infected with different subtypes receive the same treatment. (More)