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Wnt proteins influence many aspects of embryonic development, and their activity is regulated by several secreted antagonists, including the Xenopus Dickkopf-1 (xDkk-1) protein. xDkk-1 inhibits Wnt activities in Xenopus embryos and may play a role in induction of head structures. Here, we characterize a family of human Dkk-related genes composed of Dkk-1,(More)
Signaling by the Wnt family of extracellular proteins is critical in a variety of developmental processes in which cell and tissue polarity are established [1-5]. Wnt signal transduction has been studied mostly by the genetic approach in Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans [1,2,5], but the biochemical mechanisms involved remain to be elucidated. The Wnt(More)
All vertebrates show a dramatic circadian rhythm in circulating melatonin with high levels at night and very low levels during daytime. In adults, melatonin is thought to synchronize other circadian rhythms and regulate seasonal rhythms in photoperiodic animals by acting on specific G-protein coupled receptors. The role of melatonin in development is(More)
We produced the monoclonal antibody RT10F7, characterized its antigenic specificity and expression in the adult and developing retina, in cultured retinal cells and in other parts of the central nervous system. In metabolically-labelled retinal cultures RT10F7 immunoprecipitated a protein of approximately 36,000 mol. wt. In the adult, RT10F7 stained endfeet(More)
Antibodies exhibiting a selective anti-H-2 haplotype reaction with thymic and splenic lymphocytes of intact mice were found in the sera of mice of the strains BALB/c, C57Bl/6, AKR and BDF1 with the developing Rauscher leukemia by applying the membrane immunofluorescent and complement-dependent cytotoxicity techniques in vitro. Monoclonal antibodies against(More)
Experimental Rauscher's virus erythroleukemia (RVE) was employed to study the immunologic mechanisms by which leukemia develops. Experiments were performed on inbred mice, genetically opposite to the disease induction, namely on highly sensitive BALB/c, resistant C57BL/6 and moderately sensitive BDFI animals. It is shown that RVE resistance is an(More)
Concentration of PGF2 alpha were correlated to those of antiprostaglandin antibodies IgM and IgG to this mediator in donors and myocardial infarction patients. In donors correlation between PGF2 alpha concentration and IgG antibody levels is positive. In uneventful myocardial infarction relevant correlation partially recovered at the expense of IgM(More)
The important role played by prostaglandins in the pathogenesis of coronary disease and essential hypertension is well known. The authors have attempted to reveal a relationship between blood levels of natural autoantibodies to PGF2 alpha and PGE2 and specific features of coronary disease and essential hypertension course and complications. A total of 87(More)