Valeriya B. Saprunova

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Synthesis of cationic plastoquinone derivatives (SkQs) containing positively charged phosphonium or rhodamine moieties connected to plastoquinone by decane or pentane linkers is described. It is shown that SkQs (i) easily penetrate through planar, mitochondrial, and outer cell membranes, (ii) at low (nanomolar) concentrations, posses strong antioxidant(More)
Effects of 10-(6′-plastoquinonyl) decyltriphenylphosphonium (SkQ1) and 10-(6′-plastoquinonyl) decylrhod-amine 19 (SkQR1) on rat models of H2O2- and ischemia-induced heart arrhythmia, heart infarction, kidney ischemia, and stroke have been studied ex vivo and in vivo. In all the models listed, SkQ1 and/or SkQR1 showed pronounced protective effect.(More)
Very low (nano- and subnanomolar) concentrations of 10-(6′-plastoquinonyl) decyltriphenylphosphonium (SkQ1) were found to prolong lifespan of a fungus (Podospora anserina), a crustacean (Ceriodaphnia affinis), an insect (Drosophila melanogaster), and a mammal (mouse). In the latter case, median lifespan is doubled if animals live in a non-sterile vivarium.(More)
Mitochondria-targeted cationic plastoquinone derivative SkQ1 (10-(6′-plastoquinonyl) decyltriphenylphosphonium) has been investigated as a potential tool for treating a number of ROS-related ocular diseases. In OXYS rats suffering from a ROS-induced progeria, very small amounts of SkQ1 (50 nmol/kg per day) added to food were found to prevent development of(More)
Pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of blindness in the world, remains poorly understood. This makes it necessary to create animal models for studying AMD pathogenesis and to design new therapeutic approaches. Here we showed that retinopathy in OXYS rats is similar to human AMD according to clinical signs, morphology,(More)
We show the development of clearly pronounced age-related pathological changes in eye tissues of Wistar and OXYS rats. Photoreceptor cells were virtually absent in all OXYS rats in the age of 24 months. Massive accumulations of lipofuscin granules were detected in the pigmented epithelium cells. Flattening, overgrowing, and degradation of endothelial cells(More)
The pigment epithelium cell structure and therapeutic effect of antioxidant SkQ1, selectively penetrating into mitochondria from eye drops, were studied upon development in OXYS rats of age-related retinopathy as a model of macular degeneration. The characteristic dynamics and ultrastructural peculiarities of the layer of electron-dense cytoplasmic(More)
The inhibitors of oxidative phosphorylation induced fragmentation of mitochondria without any signs of apoptosis in CV-1 and HeLa cells. Prolonged treatment with the uncouplers (alone or in combination with the inhibitors of respiration) caused perinuclear clusterization of mitochondria, followed by their selective elimination. The fraction of(More)
It was shown that separate fragments of the inner mitochondrial compartment (mitoplasts) can exist under a single non-fragmented outer membrane. Here we asked whether fragmentation of the inner mitochondria could prevent rupturing of the outer membrane and release of pro-apoptotic molecules from the mitochondrial intermembrane space into the cytoplasm(More)
Apoptosis in myocardial tissue slices was induced by extended incubation under anoxic conditions. Mitochondria were isolated from the studied tissue. A new method of isolation of mitochondria in special conditions by differential centrifugation at 1700, 10,000, and 17,000g resulted in three fractions of mitochondria. According to the data of electron(More)