Valerio Izzi

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The sirtuins (SIRTs; SIRT1-7) are a family of NAD(+)-dependent enzymes that dynamically regulate cellular physiology. Apart from SIRT1, the functions and regulatory mechanisms of the SIRTs are poorly defined. We explored regulation of the SIRT family by 2 energy metabolism-controlling factors: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1-α(More)
Breast cancer is a leading cancer in women and despite the benefits of the current therapies a significant number of patients with this tumor is at risk of relapse. Some of the alterations taking place in breast cancer cells are currently exploited by molecularly targeted drugs. Different drugs have been developed which target a single molecule but, given(More)
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a cancer with a high mortality rate and limited therapeutic options, typically presenting as a tumor in the serous membranes, most frequently in the pleura and the peritoneum rather than in the pericardium. There is much evidence that the immune system contributes to the biogenesis, growth and metastasis of MM through the(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a lipidic messenger known to exert several physiological functions within the cell. We tested here whether the stimulation of human monocytes with different doses of S1P might interfere with their differentiation into competent dendritic cells (DC). Monocytes cultured with granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor,(More)
Metformin inhibits ATP production in mitochondria and this may be involved in the anti-hyperglycemic effects of the drug. Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a mitochondrial protein deacetylase that regulates the function of the electron transport chain and maintains basal ATP yield. We hypothesized that metformin treatment could diminish mitochondrial ATP production(More)
The development of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) is a multistep process progressing from precancerous lesions to highly malignant tumors. A critical role in HNSCCs development and progression is played by EGFR family members including EGFR and ErbB2. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of apigenin, a low molecular weight(More)
Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), besides retaining vasodilatory, diuretic and natriuretic properties, is a vasoactive hormone that it is also involved in several cardiac diseases as well as severe sepsis and septic shock. All these conditions are characterized by an ongoing inflammatory response consisting in a complex interaction of pleiotropic mediators(More)
Collagen XVIII is an evolutionary conserved ubiquitously expressed basement membrane proteoglycan produced in three isoforms via two promoters (P). Here, we assess the function of the N-terminal, domain of unknown function/frizzled-like sequences unique to medium/long collagen XVIII by creating P-specific null mice. P2-null mice, which only produce short(More)
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a highly fatal tumor arising from inner body membranes, whose extensive growth is facilitated by its week immunogenicity and by its ability to blunt the immune response which should arise from the huge mass of leukocytes typically infiltrating this tumor. It has been reported that the inflammatory infiltrate found in MM(More)
CD36 is a scavenger receptor known to play a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis by mediating the uptake of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) by macrophages, thus leading to foam cell formation. It is now generally recognized that the immune system has a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, whose progression is(More)