Valerio Gaetano Vellone

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BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus 16 infection has been proven to be associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and is probably the main reason of the reported increase in the incidence. The role of high-risk (HR) HPV for carcinogenesis of other sites in the head and neck awaits confirmation. With the aim to evaluate the prevalence of HPV(More)
The prognostic relevance of estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression in endometrioid endometrial cancer is still controversially discussed. The present study has focused on the evaluation of the prognostic value of ERα, ERβ1, ERβ2, and PR in this histotype. Specifically, we were interested in evaluating whether the relative level of ER(More)
This study was aimed at determining whether high-grade endometrioid carcinomas (grade 3 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) might overlap, at least partially, non-endometrioid carcinomas (type II). To this end, a panel of clinical–pathological and immunohistochemical parameters was evaluated in three different populations: low-grade(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant transformation may occur in up to 1% of women with endometriosis and only 20% of these cases occur at extragonadal pelvic sites. Similarly, urinary tract endometriosis is rare and occurs in only 1% of all endometriotic lesions. CASE An endometrioid carcinoma with squamous differentiation arising from periureteral endometriosis(More)
Primary melanoma of the central nervous system (CNS) is rare and primary spinal melanoma (PSM) is even more unusual. Preoperative diagnosis of melanocytic lesion as a PSM is difficult, because of the heterogeneous magnetic resonance (MR) signal intensity, due to hemorrhagic foci and melanin deposits. We describe the case of a 68 year-old male with a MR(More)
BACKGROUND Activating mutations in the valine-to-glutamic acid substitution at position 600 of the v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF-1) gene are detected frequently in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). These mutations have been identified in approximately 29% to 69% of PTCs and in >80% of PTCs of the tall cell variant,(More)
Two types of ovarian carcinomas are distinguished with respect to morphology, biology, and clinical course, and are designated as Type I and Type II tumors. However, placement of clear cell carcinomas into one of these 2 groups has been problematic as they exhibit morphologic, molecular, and clinical features that do not entirely resemble either Type I or(More)
The introduction of radiochemotherapy for treatment of advanced cervical cancers represents a new chapter in surgical pathology. The study group included 50 women with a histological diagnosis of advanced cervical carcinoma (43 squamous, 3 adenosquamous, 2 adenocarcinoma, 1 glassy cell, and 1 undifferentiated; International Federation of Gynecology and(More)
In the majority of cases, high-risk human papillomavirus (HR HPV) infections regress spontaneously, with only a small percentage progressing to high-grade lesions. Current screening methods are based on DNA detection. An alternative would be to monitor expression of the E6 and E7 viral oncogenes continuously expressed by malignant phenotypes. In the work(More)
The Class III β-tubulin isotype (βIII-tubulin) is a predictive biomarker in ovarian cancer and other solid tumor malignancies. We discovered that βIII-tubulin function is linked to two GTPases: guanylate-binding protein 1 (GBP1), which activates its function, and GNAI1, which inhibits it. This finding was demonstrated in a panel of ovarian cancer cells(More)