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BACKGROUND Malignant transformation may occur in up to 1% of women with endometriosis and only 20% of these cases occur at extragonadal pelvic sites. Similarly, urinary tract endometriosis is rare and occurs in only 1% of all endometriotic lesions. CASE An endometrioid carcinoma with squamous differentiation arising from periureteral endometriosis(More)
BACKGROUND Activating mutations in the valine-to-glutamic acid substitution at position 600 of the v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF-1) gene are detected frequently in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). These mutations have been identified in approximately 29% to 69% of PTCs and in >80% of PTCs of the tall cell variant,(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus 16 infection has been proven to be associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and is probably the main reason of the reported increase in the incidence. The role of high-risk (HR) HPV for carcinogenesis of other sites in the head and neck awaits confirmation. With the aim to evaluate the prevalence of HPV(More)
In the majority of cases, high-risk human papillomavirus (HR HPV) infections regress spontaneously, with only a small percentage progressing to high-grade lesions. Current screening methods are based on DNA detection. An alternative would be to monitor expression of the E6 and E7 viral oncogenes continuously expressed by malignant phenotypes. In the work(More)
The introduction of radiochemotherapy for treatment of advanced cervical cancers represents a new chapter in surgical pathology. The study group included 50 women with a histological diagnosis of advanced cervical carcinoma (43 squamous, 3 adenosquamous, 2 adenocarcinoma, 1 glassy cell, and 1 undifferentiated; International Federation of Gynecology and(More)
This study was aimed at determining whether high-grade endometrioid carcinomas (grade 3 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) might overlap, at least partially, non-endometrioid carcinomas (type II). To this end, a panel of clinical–pathological and immunohistochemical parameters was evaluated in three different populations: low-grade(More)
Endometrial carcinosarcoma is a rare, aggressive disease, accounting for approximately 3% of all uterine neoplasms. The emergence of sarcomatous elements is considered the evolution of subclones arising from high grade endometrial carcinomas. Here, we report two cases of primary endometrial carcinomas recurring as carcinosarcoma. Case 1. a 58-year-old(More)
CONTEXT Ki-67 is a marker of proliferation activity associated with invasiveness and prognosis in human tumors. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to evaluate the Ki-67 index prognostic relevance in a group of acromegalic patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for a GH-secreting pituitary adenoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS We selected 68 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the gray-scale and vascular characteristics of endometrial cancer in relation to stage, grade and size using two-dimensional (2D)/three-dimensional (3D) transvaginal ultrasound. METHODS This was a prospective multicenter study including 144 women with endometrial cancer undergoing transvaginal ultrasound before surgery. The(More)
Infection with high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) is the major cause of cervical cancer. However, relatively few infections progress to malignant disease. Progression to malignancy requires the overexpression of the E6 and E7 genes in the integrated HPV genome. It follows that the E6 and E7 transcripts could be useful markers of disease progression.(More)