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The effect of the electric field on the phase transition temperature (Tc) of acidic 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (DPPA) and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-thionphosphate (thion-DPPA) and zwitterion, i.e. 1,2-dipalmitoyl-rac-3-phosphocholine and 1,2-distearoyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC and DSPC), lipids has been investigated. The phase(More)
Electric studies have ascertained that transmembrane pores appear during the gel-liquid crystalline transition phase in the bilayer lipid membrane. The longevity of the pore depends on the phase state of lipids: in gel, the pores demonstrate long-term fluctuations, which can be eliminated by heating. The molecular model of a lipid pore has been proposed.(More)
Ion-specific channels in artificial membranes have been formed by the addition of gramicidin A, alamethicin, polyene antibiotics and some proteins to the solution surrounding the bilayer lipid membrane. Until now there have been no reports of single-ion channels in unmodified lipid membranes. We have now studied the electrical conductance of planar lipid(More)
Electrical capacitance of the planar bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) formed from hydrogenated egg lecithin (HEL) has been studied during many passages through the phase transition temperature. In contrast to the BLM from individual synthetic phospholipids, membranes from HEL did not demonstrate any capacitance change at the phase transition temperature(More)
By means of the system of ion-selective electrodes the coupling transport of K+, H+ and Cl- ions in liposome suspension was studied. Nigericin and tributyl tin (TBT) were used as inductors of cation and anion exchange. Effect of pH gradient created on the membrane on ionic transport was studied. The latter was shown to control the antiport exchange of both,(More)
In energized rat liver mitochondria the simultaneous H+, K+ and C1- transport was studied by corresponding ion selective electrodes. It was shown that the C1- transport induced by valinomycin, by valinomycin plus carbonyclyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone was governed by the membrane potential. It is suggested that observed in energized mitochondria the C1-(More)
In contrast to the widely used method of electroporation, the method of soft perforation of lipid bilayers is proposed. It is based on the structural rearrangement of the lipid bilayer formed from disaturated phospholipids at the temperature of the phase transition from the liquid crystalline state to the gel state. This allows us to obtain a lipid pore(More)
The development of electric current with time in a bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) formed from dipalmitoylphosphatidic acid on introducing Ca2+ ions into the medium was studied at constant temperature and pH. The phase transition in the Ca2+-induced BLM is accompanied by the initial capacitive current followed by the occurrence of single ionic channels. The(More)
Polymyxin B in micromolar concentrations induces current fluctuations in liquid crystalline bilayer lipid membranes from dipalmitoylphosphatidic acid identified as ion channels. The appearance of ion channels correlates with phase separation of the lipid in the presence of peptide polycations detected by differential scanning calorimetry. Ca2+ also induces(More)