Valerie W McClain

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Exposure to environmental contaminants, including various pesticides and trace metals, can disrupt critical olfactory-driven behaviors of fish such as homing to natal streams, mate selection, and an ability to detect predators and prey. These neurobehavioral injuries have been linked to reduced survival and population declines. Despite the importance of(More)
Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or(More)
The polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a group of brominated flame retardants. Human health concerns of these agents have largely centered upon their potential to elicit reproductive and developmental effects. Of the various congeners, BDE 49 (2,2',4,5'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether) has been poorly studied, despite the fact that it is often detected in(More)
The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) provide cellular protection by detoxifying xenobiotics, maintaining redox status, and modulating secondary messengers, all of which are critical to maintaining olfaction in salmonids. Here, we characterized the major coho salmon olfactory GSTs (OlfGSTs), namely omega, pi, and rho subclasses. OlfGST omega contained an(More)
Editor – We were pleased to see the article by Newell (1) report ‘‘the ultimate goal of public health programmes for the prevention of mother-to-childtransmission (MTCT) is to save the lives of large numbers of children born to HIV-infected mothers’’. Much of the current research uses the reduction of detectable blood viral levels and the prevention of(More)