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D-amino acids are far less abundant in nature than L-amino acids. Both L- and D-amino acids enter soil from different sources including plant, animal and microbial biomass, antibiotics, faeces and synthetic insecticides. Moreover, D-amino acids appear in soil due to abiotic or biotic racemization of L-amino acids. Both L- and D-amino acids occur as bound in(More)
Pipecolic acid naturally occurs in microorganisms, plants, and animals, where it plays many roles, including the interactions between these organisms, and is a key constituent of many natural and synthetic bioactive molecules. This article provides a review of current knowledge on the natural occurrence of pipecolic acid and the known and potential(More)
Non-protein amino acids are a significant store of organic nitrogen in many ecosystems, but there is a lack of knowledge relating to them. Research has indicated that they play important roles as metabolites, as allelopthic chemicals, in nutrient acquisition, in signalling and in stress response. They are also thought to be responsible for significant(More)
The extraction and comparison of soil bio-available amino acids using either demineralised water (DEMI H2O) or 0.5 M ammonium acetate (0.5 M AAc) solution is reported. Results show that the extraction by 0.5 M AAc is a better method to assess the concentration of bio-available amino acids in soil than DEMI H2O due to higher extraction efficiency and better(More)
Organic acids, vitamins, and carbohydrates represent important organic compounds in soil. Aliphatic, cyclic, and aromatic organic acids play important roles in rhizosphere ecology, pedogenesis, food-web interactions, and decontamination of sites polluted by heavy metals and organic pollutants. Carbohydrates in soils can be used to estimate changes of soil(More)
In this work, we have attempted to review the current knowledge on the impact of elevated CO2, O3, and UV on soils. Elevated CO2 increases labile and stabile soil C pool as well as efficiency of organic pollutants rhizoremediation and phytoextraction of heavy metals. Conversely, both elevated O3 and UV radiation decrease inputs of assimilates to the(More)
The abandonment of traditional mowing methods of mountain meadows in the Czech Republic at the end of the last century has resulted in secondary re-colonization of these areas. Altered accumulation of plant biomass resulted in a deceleration of N turnover. A mountain meadow may be regarded as a N-limited ecosystem in which plant nutrition is dependent on(More)
The use of Ground-Penetrating Radar as a tool for monitoring urban soils contaminated with road salt was tested. Data obtained from GPR measurements were compared with the results of laboratory analyses of soil samples collected during selected measurements and evaluated in relation to weather (esp. temperature and precipitation sums) prevailing prior to(More)
The aim of this study is to present a new method for determining the root-derived extracellular acid phosphomonoesterase (EAPM) activity fraction within the total EAPM activity of soil. EAPM activity was determined for roots, organic and mineral soil. Samples were collected using paired PVC cylinders, inserted to a depth of 15 cm, within seven selected(More)
Decontamination of polluted soils using plants is based on the ability of plant species (including transgenic plants) to enhance bioavailability of pollutants in the rhizosphere and support growth of pollutant-degrading microorganisms via root exudation and plant species-specific composition of the exudates. In this work, we review current knowledge of(More)